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2018

Adding the Third Dimension to Spatial Relation Detection in 2D Images

Birmingham, B., Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation . The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 146-151

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

From Image to Language and Back Again

Belz, A., Berg, T. & Yu, L., 23 Apr 2018, In : Natural Language Engineering. 24, 3, p. 325-362 38 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File

Journal of Natural Language Engineering Special Issue on Language for Images

Belz, A. (ed.) & Berg, T. (ed.), 1 May 2018, In : Natural Language Engineering. p. 1-160 160 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Open Access
File

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Multilingual Surface Realisation

Mille, S. (ed.), Belz, A. (ed.), Bohnet, B. (ed.), Pitler, E. (ed.) & Wanner, L. (ed.), Jul 2018, Stroudsburg, PA: ACL. 73 p.

Research output: Book/ReportAnthology

Open Access

SpatialVOC2K: A Multilingual Dataset of Images with Annotations and Features for Spatial Relations between Objects

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Anguill, P., Sow, M., Vincent, G. & Zinessabah, Y., 7 Sep 2018, (Accepted/In press) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Natural Language Generation. The Association for Computational Linguistics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

The First Multilingual Surface Realisation Shared Task (SR’18): Overview and Evaluation Results

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Graham, Y., Pitler, E. & Wanner, L., 1 Jul 2018, Proceedings of the First Workshop on Multilingual Surface Realisation. Stroudsburg, PA: The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 1-12 12 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

Underspecified Universal Dependency Structures as Inputs for Multilingual Surface Realisation

Mille, S., Belz, A., Bohnet, B. & Wanner, L., 1 Nov 2018, Proceedings of the 11th International Natural Language Generation Conference. The Association for Computational Linguistics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File
2017

Learning to Generate Descriptions of Visual Data Anchored in Spatial Relations

Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 18 Jul 2017, In : IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine. 12, 3, p. 29-42 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
File
Learning systems

Multilingual Surface Realization Using Universal Dependency Trees

Mille, S., Bohnet, B., Wanner, L. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2017, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Natural Language Generation (INLG'17). Santiago de Compostela, Spain: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File
Deep learning

Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Vision and Language (VL'17)

Belz, A. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.), Erdem, E. (ed.) & Mikolajczyk, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2017, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - edited

2016

Analysis of Twitter data for postmarketing surveillance in pharmacovigilance

Pain, J., Levacher, J., Quinqunel, A. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2016, Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text. Osaka, Japan, p. 94-101 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File
Semantics

Effect of Data Annotation, Feature Selection and Model Choice on Spatial Description Generation in French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Birmingham, B., Levacher, J., Pain, J. & Quinquenel, A., 1 Jan 2016, The 9th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Edinburgh, UK: The Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

Exploring Different Preposition Sets, Models and Feature Sets in Automatic Generation of Spatial Image Descriptions

Belz, A., Muscat, A. & Birmingham, B., 1 Jan 2016, The 5th Workshop on Vision and Language. Berlin, Germany: ACL, p. 69-65 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

Proceedings of the 2016 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’16)

Belz, A. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.), Erdem, E. (ed.) & Mikolajczyk, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2016, PA, USA : Association for Computational Linguistics.

Research output: Other contribution

2015

Describing Spatial Relationships between Objects in Images in English and French

Belz, A., Muscat, A., Aberton, M. & Benjelloun, S., 1 Sep 2015, Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’15). UK, p. 104-113 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Generating Descriptions of Spatial Relations between Objects in Images

Muscat, A. & Belz, A., 1 Sep 2015, ENLG 2015: 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation. UK: ACL, p. 100-104 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Proceedings of the 15th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'15)

Belz, A. (ed.), Gatt, A. (ed.), Portet, F. (ed.) & Purver, M. (ed.), 31 Aug 2015, ACL. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - edited

Proceedings of the 2015 Workshop on Vision and Language (VL’15)

Belz, A. (ed.), Coheur, L. (ed.), Ferrari, V. (ed.), Moens, M-F. M. (ed.), Pastra, K. (ed.) & Vulic, I. (ed.), 31 Aug 2015, PA, USA: ACL. 116 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - edited

2014

A Comparative Evaluation Methodology for NLG in Interactive Systems

Hastie, H. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2014, Proceedings of LREC'14. Paris: European Language Resources Association, p. 4004-4011 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

Comparative Evaluation and Shared Tasks for NLG in Interactive Systems

Belz, A. & Hastie, H., 1 Jul 2014, Natural Language Generation in Interactive Systems. Stent, A. & Bangalore, S. (eds.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, p. 302-350 49 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter

Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Vision and Language

Belz, A. (ed.), Smeaton, A. (ed.) & Moens, M-F. M. (ed.), 1 Sep 2014, ACL.

Research output: Other contribution

The Last 10 Metres: Using Visual Analysis and Verbal Communication in Guiding Visually Impaired Smartphone Users to Entrances

Belz, A., Bharath, A. & Bharath, A., 1 Aug 2014, Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Vision and Language (VL'14). Stroudsburg: ACL, p. 118-120 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File
2012

A Repository of Data and Evaluation Resources for Natural Language Generation

Belz, A. & Gatt, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris: ELRA, p. 4027-4032 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

LG-Eval: A Toolkit for Creating Online Language Evaluation Experiments

Kow, E. & Belz, A., 31 Dec 2012, Proceedings of LREC'12. Paris: ELRA, p. 4033-4037 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

The Surface Realisation Task: Recent Developments and Future Plans

Belz, A., Bohnet, B., Mille, S., Wanner, L. & White, M., 1 Jan 2012, Proceedings of the 7th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'12). Utica, Illinois: ACL, p. 136-140 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

2011

Discrete vs. continuous rating scales for language evaluation in NLP

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2011, The 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 230-235 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Experiments

Proceedings of UCNLG+Eval: Language Generation and Evaluation

Belz, A. (ed.), Evans, R. (ed.), Gatt, A. (ed.) & Striegnitz, K. (ed.), 1 Jan 2011, Stroudsburg, PA: Association for Computational Linguistics. 1 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook - edited

The First Surface Realisation Shared Task: Overview and Evaluation Results

Belz, A., White, M., Espinosa, D., Kow, E., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2011, Proceedings of the 13th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'11). Nancy, France: ACM, p. 217-226 10 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File

Unsupervised alignment of comparable data and text resources

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 May 2011, Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Building and Using Comparable Corpora, 49th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 102-109 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

2010

A game-based approach to transcribing images of text

Dahab, K. & Belz, A., 1 Jan 2010, 7th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. France: European Language Resources Association (ELRA), p. 0-0 1 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Optical character recognition
Transcription
Byproducts

Assessing the trade-off between system building cost and output quality in data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Empirical Methods in Natural Language Generation. Krahmer, E. & Theune, M. (eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, Vol. 5790. p. 180-200 21 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter

Automation
Costs
Reusability
Experiments

Comparing rating scales and preference judgements in language evaluation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of the 6th International Language Generation Congerence (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 7-15 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

ratings
evaluation
clarity
proportion
statistics

Construction of bilingual multimodal corpora of referring expressions in collaborative problem solving

Tokunaga, T., Iida, R., Yasuhara, M., Terai, A., Morris, D. & Belz, A., 1 Aug 2010, 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources. Michigan: University of Michigan, p. 38-46 9 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Open Access
File
Linguistics
Synchronization
Simulators

Extracting parallel fragments from comparable corpora for data-to-text generation

Belz, A. & Kow, E., 1 Jan 2010, Proceedings of 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference (INLG'10). Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 167-171 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Finding common ground: towards a surface realisation shared task

Belz, A., White, M., Genabith, J. V., Hogan, D. & Stent, A., 1 Jan 2010, INLG 2010 - 6th International Natural Language Generation Conference. Stroudsburg, PA, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics, p. 268-272 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Generating referring expressions in context: the GREC shared task evaluation challenges

Belz, A., Kow, E., Viethen, J. & Gatt, A., 1 Jan 2010, Empirical Methods in Natural Language Generation. Krahmer, E. & Theune, M. (eds.). Berlin: Springer, Vol. 5790. p. 294-327 34 p. (Lecture notes in computer science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter

Semantics