Phase change phenomena resulting in bubble formation and collapse inside micro channels influence the subsequent jet formation in spray injection processes through their effect on the local flow. Flow turbulence, that contributes to the jet formation and break-up processes can be enhanced by the growth and violent collapse of cavitation bubbles. At the same time turbulence development is opposed by surface tension effects between the liquid and the vapour phases as well as viscous forces. Many previous works on injector cavitation assume a local mechanical and thermodynamic equilibrium in the small scales and ignore the effect of surface tension at large scales as well as its interaction with turbulence. In the current work a phase change framework that accounts for surface tension effects on fluid motion is suggested and implemented within a compressible code based on OpenFOAM. The aim is to identify the numerical sensitivity of the code in the prediction of the coupling of phase change phenomena, surface tension and flow dynamics, occurring at the small scales and their subsequent effect on the large scale flow. Results are compared with literature data for micro-channel flows over a range of cavitation numbers in order to observe transitional turbulent and cavitation effects.
|Publication status||Published - 22 Jul 2018|
|Event||14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2018 - Chicago, United States|
Duration: 22 Jul 2018 → 26 Jul 2018
|Conference||14th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2018|
|Period||22/07/18 → 26/07/18|