The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is not intensity‐dependent when cycling above critical power but relates to aerobic and anaerobic capacities

Lisa Schäfer, Mark Hayes, Jeanne Dekerle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to test whether the development of neuromuscular fatigue within the severe intensity domain could be linked to the depletion of the curvature constant (W′) of the power‐duration relationship. Twelve recreationally active men completed tests to determine V̇O2peak, Critical Power (CP) and W′, followed by two randomly assigned constant‐load supra‐CP trials set to fully deplete W′ in 3 (P‐3) and 12 min (P‐12). Pre‐ to post‐exercise changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), potentiated quadriceps twitch force evoked by single (Qpot) and paired high‐ (PS100) and low‐frequency (PS10) stimulations and voluntary activation (VA) were determined. Cycling above CP reduced MVC (P‐3: −20 ± 10% vs. P‐12: −15 ± 7%), measures associated with peripheral fatigue (Qpot: −35 ± 13% vs. −31 ± 14%; PS10: −38 ± 13% vs. −37 ± 17%; PS100: −18 ± 9% vs. −13 ± 8% for P‐3 and P‐12, respectively) and VA (P‐3: −12 ± 3% vs. P‐12: −13 ± 3%) (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between trials (P > 0.05). Changes in MVC and evoked twitch forces were inversely correlated with CP and V̇O2peak following P‐12, while W′ was significantly correlated with changes in Qpot and PS10 following P‐3 (P < 0.05). Therefore, the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue does not depend on exercise intensity when W′ is fully exhausted during severe intensity exercise, yet exploration of inter‐individual variations suggests that mechanisms underpinning exercise tolerance within this domain differ between short‐ vs. long‐duration exercise.
Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Physiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2018

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Fatigue
Exercise
Exercise Tolerance

Keywords

  • High-intensity
  • exercise tolerance
  • critical power

Cite this

@article{f105dbf12da6457e9ac55bf7d69110b3,
title = "The magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue is not intensity‐dependent when cycling above critical power but relates to aerobic and anaerobic capacities",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to test whether the development of neuromuscular fatigue within the severe intensity domain could be linked to the depletion of the curvature constant (W′) of the power‐duration relationship. Twelve recreationally active men completed tests to determine V̇O2peak, Critical Power (CP) and W′, followed by two randomly assigned constant‐load supra‐CP trials set to fully deplete W′ in 3 (P‐3) and 12 min (P‐12). Pre‐ to post‐exercise changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), potentiated quadriceps twitch force evoked by single (Qpot) and paired high‐ (PS100) and low‐frequency (PS10) stimulations and voluntary activation (VA) were determined. Cycling above CP reduced MVC (P‐3: −20 ± 10{\%} vs. P‐12: −15 ± 7{\%}), measures associated with peripheral fatigue (Qpot: −35 ± 13{\%} vs. −31 ± 14{\%}; PS10: −38 ± 13{\%} vs. −37 ± 17{\%}; PS100: −18 ± 9{\%} vs. −13 ± 8{\%} for P‐3 and P‐12, respectively) and VA (P‐3: −12 ± 3{\%} vs. P‐12: −13 ± 3{\%}) (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between trials (P > 0.05). Changes in MVC and evoked twitch forces were inversely correlated with CP and V̇O2peak following P‐12, while W′ was significantly correlated with changes in Qpot and PS10 following P‐3 (P < 0.05). Therefore, the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue does not depend on exercise intensity when W′ is fully exhausted during severe intensity exercise, yet exploration of inter‐individual variations suggests that mechanisms underpinning exercise tolerance within this domain differ between short‐ vs. long‐duration exercise.",
keywords = "High-intensity, exercise tolerance, critical power",
author = "Lisa Sch{\"a}fer and Mark Hayes and Jeanne Dekerle",
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AU - Schäfer, Lisa

AU - Hayes, Mark

AU - Dekerle, Jeanne

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N2 - The aim of the present study was to test whether the development of neuromuscular fatigue within the severe intensity domain could be linked to the depletion of the curvature constant (W′) of the power‐duration relationship. Twelve recreationally active men completed tests to determine V̇O2peak, Critical Power (CP) and W′, followed by two randomly assigned constant‐load supra‐CP trials set to fully deplete W′ in 3 (P‐3) and 12 min (P‐12). Pre‐ to post‐exercise changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), potentiated quadriceps twitch force evoked by single (Qpot) and paired high‐ (PS100) and low‐frequency (PS10) stimulations and voluntary activation (VA) were determined. Cycling above CP reduced MVC (P‐3: −20 ± 10% vs. P‐12: −15 ± 7%), measures associated with peripheral fatigue (Qpot: −35 ± 13% vs. −31 ± 14%; PS10: −38 ± 13% vs. −37 ± 17%; PS100: −18 ± 9% vs. −13 ± 8% for P‐3 and P‐12, respectively) and VA (P‐3: −12 ± 3% vs. P‐12: −13 ± 3%) (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between trials (P > 0.05). Changes in MVC and evoked twitch forces were inversely correlated with CP and V̇O2peak following P‐12, while W′ was significantly correlated with changes in Qpot and PS10 following P‐3 (P < 0.05). Therefore, the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue does not depend on exercise intensity when W′ is fully exhausted during severe intensity exercise, yet exploration of inter‐individual variations suggests that mechanisms underpinning exercise tolerance within this domain differ between short‐ vs. long‐duration exercise.

AB - The aim of the present study was to test whether the development of neuromuscular fatigue within the severe intensity domain could be linked to the depletion of the curvature constant (W′) of the power‐duration relationship. Twelve recreationally active men completed tests to determine V̇O2peak, Critical Power (CP) and W′, followed by two randomly assigned constant‐load supra‐CP trials set to fully deplete W′ in 3 (P‐3) and 12 min (P‐12). Pre‐ to post‐exercise changes in maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), potentiated quadriceps twitch force evoked by single (Qpot) and paired high‐ (PS100) and low‐frequency (PS10) stimulations and voluntary activation (VA) were determined. Cycling above CP reduced MVC (P‐3: −20 ± 10% vs. P‐12: −15 ± 7%), measures associated with peripheral fatigue (Qpot: −35 ± 13% vs. −31 ± 14%; PS10: −38 ± 13% vs. −37 ± 17%; PS100: −18 ± 9% vs. −13 ± 8% for P‐3 and P‐12, respectively) and VA (P‐3: −12 ± 3% vs. P‐12: −13 ± 3%) (P < 0.05), with no significant difference between trials (P > 0.05). Changes in MVC and evoked twitch forces were inversely correlated with CP and V̇O2peak following P‐12, while W′ was significantly correlated with changes in Qpot and PS10 following P‐3 (P < 0.05). Therefore, the magnitude of neuromuscular fatigue does not depend on exercise intensity when W′ is fully exhausted during severe intensity exercise, yet exploration of inter‐individual variations suggests that mechanisms underpinning exercise tolerance within this domain differ between short‐ vs. long‐duration exercise.

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KW - exercise tolerance

KW - critical power

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DO - 10.1113/EP087273

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JO - Experimental Physiology

JF - Experimental Physiology

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