Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) is a relatively new material with superior mechanical properties. Recent published studies have confirmed the beneficial contribution of the addition of UHPFRC layers for the structural upgrade of existing Reinforced Concrete (RC) elements. In case of structures strengthened with additional concrete elements, one of the crucial parameters for the performance and the durability of the strengthened elements is the restrained concrete shrinkage of the new material. The new concrete layer tends to shrink, but due to the connection with the existing structural elements, tensile stresses are induced to the new layers which may lead to the initiation of cracks, while slip is also induced at the old-to-new concrete interfaces. So far, there are not any published studies on the effect of restrained concrete shrinkage on composite UHPFRC-to-normal concrete elements. In this study, experimental work has been conducted on concrete prisms strengthened with UHPFRC layers. Shrinkage strain recordings have been conducted for the composite prisms alongside with relevant recordings for the free shrinkage measurements of standard UHPFRC prisms. The degree of restrained has been calculated and correlated with the induced stresses, and the beneficial contribution of the steel fibres has been highlighted. Flexural tests of the strengthened beams have also been conducted and the results show significant enhancement of the flexural performance of the examined specimens and very good connection between the new UHPFRC layer and the existing concrete substrate.