Brain complexity and non-stationary nature of electroencephalography (EEG) signal make considerable challenges for the accurate identification of different motor-imagery (MI) tasks in brain–computer interface (BCI). In the proposed Letter, a novel framework is proposed for the automated accurate classification of MI tasks. First, raw EEG signals are denoised with multiscale principal component analysis. Secondly, denoised signals are decomposed by empirical wavelet transform into different modes. Thirdly, the two-dimensional (2D) modelling of modes is introduced to identify the variations of different signals. Fourthly, a single geometrical feature name as, a summation of distance from each point relative to a coordinate centre is extracted from 2D modelling of modes. Finally, the extracted feature vectors are provided to the feedforward neural network and cascade forward neural networks for classification check. The proposed study achieved 95.3% of total classification accuracy with 100% outcome for subject with very small training samples, which is outperforming existing methods on the same database.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Oct 2020|