Gelatin-fibrinogen cryogel dermal matrices for wound repair I: preparation, optimisation and in vitro study

M. Dainiak, Iain Allan, Irina Savina, L. Cornelio, E. James, Stuart James, Sergey Mikhalovsky, H. Jungvid, I.Y. Galaev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Macroporous sponge-like gelatin-fibrinogen (Gl-Fg) scaffolds cross-linked with different concentrations (0.05-0.5%) of glutaraldehyde (GA) were produced using cryogelation technology, which allows for the preparation of highly porous scaffolds without compromising their mechanical properties, and is a more cost-efficient process than freeze-drying. The produced Gl-Fg-GA(X) scaffolds had a uniform interconnected open porous structure with a porosity of up to 90-92% and a pore size distribution of 10-120 microm. All of the obtained cryogels were elastic and mechanically stable, except for the Gl-Fg-GA(0.05) scaffolds. Swelling kinetics and degradation rate, but not the porous structure of the cryogels, were strongly dependent on the degree of cross-linking. A ten-fold increase in the degree of cross-linking resulted in an almost 80-fold decrease in the rate of degradation in a solution of protease. Cryogels were seeded with primary dermal fibroblasts and the densities observed on the surface, plus the expression levels of collagen types I and III observed 5 days post-seeding, were similar to those observed on a control dermal substitute material, Integra. Fibroblast proliferation and migration within the scaffolds were relative to the GA content. Glucose consumption rate was 3-fold higher on Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) than on Gl-Fg-GA(0.5) cryogels 10 days post-seeding. An enhanced cell motility on cryogels with reducing GA crosslinking was obtained after long time culture. Particularly marked cell infiltration was seen in gels using 0.1% GA as a crosslinker. The scaffold started to disintegrate after 42 days of in vitro culturing. The described in vitro studies demonstrated good potential of Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) scaffolds as matrices for wound healing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalBiomaterials
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

glutaraldehyde
fibrinogen
gelatin
in vitro studies
crosslinking
fibroblasts
sowing
degradation
freeze drying
tissue repair
cell movement
porosity
mechanical properties
collagen
proteinases
gels
kinetics
glucose

Keywords

  • Cryogelation
  • Macroporous scaffolds
  • Wound healing
  • Degree of cross-linking
  • Elasticity
  • Dermal fibroblasts

Cite this

Dainiak, M. ; Allan, Iain ; Savina, Irina ; Cornelio, L. ; James, E. ; James, Stuart ; Mikhalovsky, Sergey ; Jungvid, H. ; Galaev, I.Y. / Gelatin-fibrinogen cryogel dermal matrices for wound repair I: preparation, optimisation and in vitro study. In: Biomaterials. 2010 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 67-76.
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abstract = "Macroporous sponge-like gelatin-fibrinogen (Gl-Fg) scaffolds cross-linked with different concentrations (0.05-0.5{\%}) of glutaraldehyde (GA) were produced using cryogelation technology, which allows for the preparation of highly porous scaffolds without compromising their mechanical properties, and is a more cost-efficient process than freeze-drying. The produced Gl-Fg-GA(X) scaffolds had a uniform interconnected open porous structure with a porosity of up to 90-92{\%} and a pore size distribution of 10-120 microm. All of the obtained cryogels were elastic and mechanically stable, except for the Gl-Fg-GA(0.05) scaffolds. Swelling kinetics and degradation rate, but not the porous structure of the cryogels, were strongly dependent on the degree of cross-linking. A ten-fold increase in the degree of cross-linking resulted in an almost 80-fold decrease in the rate of degradation in a solution of protease. Cryogels were seeded with primary dermal fibroblasts and the densities observed on the surface, plus the expression levels of collagen types I and III observed 5 days post-seeding, were similar to those observed on a control dermal substitute material, Integra. Fibroblast proliferation and migration within the scaffolds were relative to the GA content. Glucose consumption rate was 3-fold higher on Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) than on Gl-Fg-GA(0.5) cryogels 10 days post-seeding. An enhanced cell motility on cryogels with reducing GA crosslinking was obtained after long time culture. Particularly marked cell infiltration was seen in gels using 0.1{\%} GA as a crosslinker. The scaffold started to disintegrate after 42 days of in vitro culturing. The described in vitro studies demonstrated good potential of Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) scaffolds as matrices for wound healing.",
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Gelatin-fibrinogen cryogel dermal matrices for wound repair I: preparation, optimisation and in vitro study. / Dainiak, M.; Allan, Iain; Savina, Irina; Cornelio, L.; James, E.; James, Stuart; Mikhalovsky, Sergey; Jungvid, H.; Galaev, I.Y.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2010, p. 67-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gelatin-fibrinogen cryogel dermal matrices for wound repair I: preparation, optimisation and in vitro study

AU - Dainiak, M.

AU - Allan, Iain

AU - Savina, Irina

AU - Cornelio, L.

AU - James, E.

AU - James, Stuart

AU - Mikhalovsky, Sergey

AU - Jungvid, H.

AU - Galaev, I.Y.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Macroporous sponge-like gelatin-fibrinogen (Gl-Fg) scaffolds cross-linked with different concentrations (0.05-0.5%) of glutaraldehyde (GA) were produced using cryogelation technology, which allows for the preparation of highly porous scaffolds without compromising their mechanical properties, and is a more cost-efficient process than freeze-drying. The produced Gl-Fg-GA(X) scaffolds had a uniform interconnected open porous structure with a porosity of up to 90-92% and a pore size distribution of 10-120 microm. All of the obtained cryogels were elastic and mechanically stable, except for the Gl-Fg-GA(0.05) scaffolds. Swelling kinetics and degradation rate, but not the porous structure of the cryogels, were strongly dependent on the degree of cross-linking. A ten-fold increase in the degree of cross-linking resulted in an almost 80-fold decrease in the rate of degradation in a solution of protease. Cryogels were seeded with primary dermal fibroblasts and the densities observed on the surface, plus the expression levels of collagen types I and III observed 5 days post-seeding, were similar to those observed on a control dermal substitute material, Integra. Fibroblast proliferation and migration within the scaffolds were relative to the GA content. Glucose consumption rate was 3-fold higher on Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) than on Gl-Fg-GA(0.5) cryogels 10 days post-seeding. An enhanced cell motility on cryogels with reducing GA crosslinking was obtained after long time culture. Particularly marked cell infiltration was seen in gels using 0.1% GA as a crosslinker. The scaffold started to disintegrate after 42 days of in vitro culturing. The described in vitro studies demonstrated good potential of Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) scaffolds as matrices for wound healing.

AB - Macroporous sponge-like gelatin-fibrinogen (Gl-Fg) scaffolds cross-linked with different concentrations (0.05-0.5%) of glutaraldehyde (GA) were produced using cryogelation technology, which allows for the preparation of highly porous scaffolds without compromising their mechanical properties, and is a more cost-efficient process than freeze-drying. The produced Gl-Fg-GA(X) scaffolds had a uniform interconnected open porous structure with a porosity of up to 90-92% and a pore size distribution of 10-120 microm. All of the obtained cryogels were elastic and mechanically stable, except for the Gl-Fg-GA(0.05) scaffolds. Swelling kinetics and degradation rate, but not the porous structure of the cryogels, were strongly dependent on the degree of cross-linking. A ten-fold increase in the degree of cross-linking resulted in an almost 80-fold decrease in the rate of degradation in a solution of protease. Cryogels were seeded with primary dermal fibroblasts and the densities observed on the surface, plus the expression levels of collagen types I and III observed 5 days post-seeding, were similar to those observed on a control dermal substitute material, Integra. Fibroblast proliferation and migration within the scaffolds were relative to the GA content. Glucose consumption rate was 3-fold higher on Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) than on Gl-Fg-GA(0.5) cryogels 10 days post-seeding. An enhanced cell motility on cryogels with reducing GA crosslinking was obtained after long time culture. Particularly marked cell infiltration was seen in gels using 0.1% GA as a crosslinker. The scaffold started to disintegrate after 42 days of in vitro culturing. The described in vitro studies demonstrated good potential of Gl-Fg-GA(0.1) scaffolds as matrices for wound healing.

KW - Cryogelation

KW - Macroporous scaffolds

KW - Wound healing

KW - Degree of cross-linking

KW - Elasticity

KW - Dermal fibroblasts

U2 - 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.09.029

DO - 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.09.029

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 67

EP - 76

JO - Biomaterials

JF - Biomaterials

SN - 0142-9612

IS - 1

ER -