Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator

I. Fenercioglu, B. Zaloglu, J. Young, M. A. Ashraf, J. C.S. Lai, M. F. Platzer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Abstract

Power extraction from wind and water streams using flapping wings is known to be an alternative method to harvest renewable energy. The vortical flow structures around and in the wake of a NACA0012 airfoil oscillating with non-sinusoidal pitching and plunging motions are investigated using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry (DPIV) and compared with Navier-Stokes computations to give insight into the physics that determine the performance of an oscillating-wing power generator. A plunge amplitude of 1.05 chords, reduced frequency 0.8, pitch amplitude 73°, pivot point at quarter-chord and mid-chord, phase angles of 90° and 110°, and stroke reversal times ΔTR of 0.1 (rapid reversal) to 0.5 (sinusoidal) are used. It is shown that the vorticity formations are independent of the Reynolds number for the investigated cases (Re = 1100 - 1960). As the airfoil rotation speed during pitch reversals is increased, vortex shedding occurs earlier with higher strength. As the phase angle by which the pitching motion leads the plunging motions is increased, the shed vortex convection distance is also increased. Peak power coefficient (0.86) and efficiency (33%) are found at ΔTR = 0.3 for mid-chord pivot, with values of power coefficient (0.89) and efficiency (31%) at ΔTR = 0.5 for quarter-chord pivot. The leading edge vortex interaction with the airfoil and the timing of its formation and convection has the primary role in the time averaged power output.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014 - National Harbor, MD, United States
Duration: 13 Jan 201417 Jan 2014

Publication series

Name52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014

Conference

Conference52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014
CountryUnited States
CityNational Harbor, MD
Period13/01/1417/01/14

Fingerprint

pivots
electric generators
airfoils
Airfoils
wings
vortex
convection
vortex shedding
flow structure
Vortex flow
phase shift
vorticity
Reynolds number
vortices
sheds
flapping
physics
renewable energy
Vortex shedding
Flow structure

Cite this

Fenercioglu, I., Zaloglu, B., Young, J., Ashraf, M. A., Lai, J. C. S., & Platzer, M. F. (2014). Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator. In 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014 (52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014).
Fenercioglu, I. ; Zaloglu, B. ; Young, J. ; Ashraf, M. A. ; Lai, J. C.S. ; Platzer, M. F. / Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator. 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014. 2014. (52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014).
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title = "Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator",
abstract = "Power extraction from wind and water streams using flapping wings is known to be an alternative method to harvest renewable energy. The vortical flow structures around and in the wake of a NACA0012 airfoil oscillating with non-sinusoidal pitching and plunging motions are investigated using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry (DPIV) and compared with Navier-Stokes computations to give insight into the physics that determine the performance of an oscillating-wing power generator. A plunge amplitude of 1.05 chords, reduced frequency 0.8, pitch amplitude 73°, pivot point at quarter-chord and mid-chord, phase angles of 90° and 110°, and stroke reversal times ΔTR of 0.1 (rapid reversal) to 0.5 (sinusoidal) are used. It is shown that the vorticity formations are independent of the Reynolds number for the investigated cases (Re = 1100 - 1960). As the airfoil rotation speed during pitch reversals is increased, vortex shedding occurs earlier with higher strength. As the phase angle by which the pitching motion leads the plunging motions is increased, the shed vortex convection distance is also increased. Peak power coefficient (0.86) and efficiency (33{\%}) are found at ΔTR = 0.3 for mid-chord pivot, with values of power coefficient (0.89) and efficiency (31{\%}) at ΔTR = 0.5 for quarter-chord pivot. The leading edge vortex interaction with the airfoil and the timing of its formation and convection has the primary role in the time averaged power output.",
author = "I. Fenercioglu and B. Zaloglu and J. Young and Ashraf, {M. A.} and Lai, {J. C.S.} and Platzer, {M. F.}",
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Fenercioglu, I, Zaloglu, B, Young, J, Ashraf, MA, Lai, JCS & Platzer, MF 2014, Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator. in 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014. 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014, 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014, National Harbor, MD, United States, 13/01/14.

Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator. / Fenercioglu, I.; Zaloglu, B.; Young, J.; Ashraf, M. A.; Lai, J. C.S.; Platzer, M. F.

52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014. 2014. (52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

TY - GEN

T1 - Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator

AU - Fenercioglu, I.

AU - Zaloglu, B.

AU - Young, J.

AU - Ashraf, M. A.

AU - Lai, J. C.S.

AU - Platzer, M. F.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Power extraction from wind and water streams using flapping wings is known to be an alternative method to harvest renewable energy. The vortical flow structures around and in the wake of a NACA0012 airfoil oscillating with non-sinusoidal pitching and plunging motions are investigated using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry (DPIV) and compared with Navier-Stokes computations to give insight into the physics that determine the performance of an oscillating-wing power generator. A plunge amplitude of 1.05 chords, reduced frequency 0.8, pitch amplitude 73°, pivot point at quarter-chord and mid-chord, phase angles of 90° and 110°, and stroke reversal times ΔTR of 0.1 (rapid reversal) to 0.5 (sinusoidal) are used. It is shown that the vorticity formations are independent of the Reynolds number for the investigated cases (Re = 1100 - 1960). As the airfoil rotation speed during pitch reversals is increased, vortex shedding occurs earlier with higher strength. As the phase angle by which the pitching motion leads the plunging motions is increased, the shed vortex convection distance is also increased. Peak power coefficient (0.86) and efficiency (33%) are found at ΔTR = 0.3 for mid-chord pivot, with values of power coefficient (0.89) and efficiency (31%) at ΔTR = 0.5 for quarter-chord pivot. The leading edge vortex interaction with the airfoil and the timing of its formation and convection has the primary role in the time averaged power output.

AB - Power extraction from wind and water streams using flapping wings is known to be an alternative method to harvest renewable energy. The vortical flow structures around and in the wake of a NACA0012 airfoil oscillating with non-sinusoidal pitching and plunging motions are investigated using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry (DPIV) and compared with Navier-Stokes computations to give insight into the physics that determine the performance of an oscillating-wing power generator. A plunge amplitude of 1.05 chords, reduced frequency 0.8, pitch amplitude 73°, pivot point at quarter-chord and mid-chord, phase angles of 90° and 110°, and stroke reversal times ΔTR of 0.1 (rapid reversal) to 0.5 (sinusoidal) are used. It is shown that the vorticity formations are independent of the Reynolds number for the investigated cases (Re = 1100 - 1960). As the airfoil rotation speed during pitch reversals is increased, vortex shedding occurs earlier with higher strength. As the phase angle by which the pitching motion leads the plunging motions is increased, the shed vortex convection distance is also increased. Peak power coefficient (0.86) and efficiency (33%) are found at ΔTR = 0.3 for mid-chord pivot, with values of power coefficient (0.89) and efficiency (31%) at ΔTR = 0.5 for quarter-chord pivot. The leading edge vortex interaction with the airfoil and the timing of its formation and convection has the primary role in the time averaged power output.

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M3 - Conference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

AN - SCOPUS:84902844287

SN - 9781624102561

T3 - 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014

BT - 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014

ER -

Fenercioglu I, Zaloglu B, Young J, Ashraf MA, Lai JCS, Platzer MF. Experimental and computational investigation of the flow through an oscillating-wing power generator. In 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014. 2014. (52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014).