Understanding of the mechanisms of action of various hormones is pivotal for studying and treating disorders of the endocrine system. The pharmacological properties of hormones also pose enormous challenges in relation to their misuse in sports and exert immense adverse health effects on both professional athletes and recreational users. The use of substances to enhance elite athletic performance has long been recorded, from the ancient to the modern Olympics. Nevertheless, the list of banned substances was first introduced by the International Olympic Committee in 1967. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), established in 1999, currently serves as an independent international entity for promoting, coordinating, and monitoring anti-doping regulations in sport.
|Type||Invited contribution to the newsletter of the EYES Community|
|Publisher||European Society of Endocrinology|
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Nov 2021|
Bibliographical noteIn the open access link provided, the relevant article is published on page 5 of the newsletter.
- growth hormone
- hormone doping