Background: Alcoholism is a catastrophic condition that causes brain damage as well as neurological, social, and behavioral difficulties. Limitations: This illness is often assessed using the Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, and Eye-opener examination technique, which assesses the intensity of an alcohol problem. This technique is protracted, arduous, error-prone, and errant. Method: As a result, the intention of this paper is to design a cutting-edge system for automatically identifying alcoholism utilizing electroencephalography (EEG) signals, that can alleviate these problems and aid practitioners and investigators. First, we investigate the feasibility of using the Fast Walsh–Hadamard transform of EEG signals to explore the unpredictable essence and variability of EEG indicators in the suggested framework. Second, thirty-six linear and nonlinear features for deciphering the dynamic pattern of healthy and alcoholic EEG signals are discovered. Subsequently, we suggested a strategy for selecting powerful features. Finally, nineteen machine learning algorithms and five neural network classifiers are used to assess the overall performance of selected attributes. Results: The extensive experiments show that the suggested method provides the best classification efficiency, with 97.5% accuracy, 96.7% sensitivity, and 98.3% specificity for the features chosen using the correlation-based FS approach with Recurrent Neural Networks. With recently introduced matrix determinant features, a classification accuracy of 93.3% is also attained. Moreover, we developed a novel index that uses clinically meaningful features to differentiate between healthy and alcoholic categories with a unique integer. This index can assist health care workers, commercial companies, and design engineers in developing a real-time system with 100% classification results for the computerized framework.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, through Researchers Supporting Project Number RSP2023R184.
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
- Automatic identification
- Electroencephalography (EEG)