Well-matchedness in Euler and Linear Diagrams

Gem Stapleton, Peter Rodgers, Anestis Touloumis, Andrew Blake

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


    A key feature of diagrams is well-matchedness, referred to as
    iconicity in philosophy. A well-matched diagram has a structural resemblance to its semantics and is believed to be an effective representation. In this paper, we view well-matchedness as a feature of diagrams’ meaning carriers – syntactic relationships that convey meaning. Each meaning carrier may or may not structurally resemble, i.e. be well-matched to, its semantics. This paper provides the first empirical study that evaluates the impact of well-matched meaning carriers on effectiveness in Euler diagrams and linear diagrams. There are two key take-away messages: using only well-matched meaning carriers led to the best task performance and using both well-matched and non-well-matched meaning carriers in a single diagram should be approached with caution.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDiagrammatic Representation and Inference - 11th International Conference, Diagrams 2020, Proceedings
    EditorsAhti-Veikko Pietarinen, Peter Chapman, Leonie Bosveld-de Smet, Valeria Giardino, James Corter, Sven Linker
    Place of PublicationCham
    Number of pages17
    ISBN (Electronic)9783030542498
    ISBN (Print)9783030542481
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2020
    EventInternational Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams - Tallinn, Estonia
    Duration: 24 Aug 202028 Aug 2020
    Conference number: 11th

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    Volume12169 LNAI
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


    ConferenceInternational Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams
    Abbreviated titleDiagrams 2020
    Internet address

    Bibliographical note

    The final authenticated version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-54249-8_20


    • Diagrams
    • Iconicity
    • Sets
    • Visualization
    • Well-matched


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