Link protein and aggrecan of the extracellular matrix each contain two proteoglycan tandem repeat (PTR) domains that interact with hyaluronate. Consensus secondary structure predictions for 59 PTR sequences and 129 C-type lectin sequences give similar patterns of two alpha-helices and up to seven beta-strands. Protein fold recognition analyses show that the 59 PTR sequences are highly compatible with the C-type lectin crystal structure. The predicted fold consists of a conserved motif formed from an antiparallel beta-sheet flanked by two alpha-helices, the motif being attached to two distinct types of beta-sheet region in the two superfamilies. Arg9 or Lys11 on an exposed loop and up to three other Arg residues in the beta-sheet region are conserved and may form part of a hyaluronate binding site.