The effects of exercise and diet manipulation on the capacity to perform prolonged exercise in the heat and in the cold in trained humans

Yannis Pitsiladis, R.J. Maughan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the effects of exercise and diet manipulation intended to alter initial muscle glycogen levels on the capacity to perform prolonged exercise at two ambient temperatures. Six well-trained cyclists participated in randomized order in two diet and exercise regimens each lasting 8 days and comprising four cycle tests to exhaustion at 70 % of maximum oxygen uptake. On days 1 and 5, subjects exercised to exhaustion to deplete muscle glycogen. Three days after each depletion trial a diet providing 10 % (low carbohydrate (CHO)) or 80 % (high CHO) of energy as CHO was consumed, and each diet was followed by a performance trial at the same ambient temperature, either 10 or 30 C (days 4 and 8). This schedule was repeated after a week, but performance trials were carried out at the other ambient temperature. In the cold, cycling time increased (median (range)) from 89.2 min (78.0-129.5 min) on the low CHO trial to 158.2 min (116.9-165.6 min) on the high CHO trial (P < 0.01). In the heat, cycling time increased from 44.0 min (31.8-51.4 min) on the low CHO trial to 53.2 min (50.2-82.2 min) on the high CHO trial (P = 0.02). Total CHO oxidized during exercise in the cold after the low CHO diet was higher than in the heat after either diet suggesting that exercise in the heat was terminated before all available CHO stores had been emptied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-930
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume517
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 1999

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