Spectrum efficiency in CRNs using hybrid dynamic channel reservation and enhanced dynamic spectrum access

Abd Ullah Khan, Ghulam Abbas, Ziaul Haq Abbas, Thar Baker, Muhammad Waqas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Blocking of new arriving services and dropping of ongoing services are inherent problems in Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs), which need to be addressed to enhance spectrum efficiency. In particular, Secondary Users (SUs) undergo service degradation in the face of Primary Users (PUs)’ arrivals. In this paper, we present a scheme called Efficient Spectrum Utilization (ESU) that reduces the dropping and blocking probabilities of existing and new services, respectively, to make efficient use of the available spectrum. The scheme divides the available spectrum into reserved and non-reserved bands. The reserved band is dynamically allocated a number of channels from the non-reserved band in order to accommodate those services which face interruptions while operating in the non-reserved band. The scheme renders dynamic access to the available spectrum and facilitates priority-based channel allocation and termination. SUs are divided into low and high priority levels depending on their Quality of Service (QoS) requirements. SUs with low priority level are granted direct access to both the bands to enhance channel utilization. SUs operating in the reserved band with high priority levels are granted uninterruptible status to ensure a certain level of service provisioning to SUs. The proposed ESU scheme is modeled using Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC) and mathematical expressions are derived for several QoS parameters. Performance of the proposed scheme is evaluated under various network conditions. Results demonstrate that ESU reasonably improves spectrum efficiency under channel failure in CRNs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102246
JournalAd Hoc Networks
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020


  • Blocking probability
  • Cognitive radio networks
  • Continuous time Markov chain
  • Dynamic channel reservation
  • Dynamic spectrum access
  • Spectrum efficiency


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