Spatial characterisation of chloride-induced corrosion of bars in concrete

L. Llano, M. Imran Rafiq, Marios Chryssanthopoulos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


Chloride induced corrosion, caused primarily by de-icing salts or salt spray in marine environments, is one of the most common deterioration processes in reinforced concrete. It often causes a localized loss of section, known as pitting, which can lead to a significant reduction of the structure's service life. In order to predict the impact of this phenomenon on the mechanical properties of the reinforcing bars in concrete a thorough analysis of its characteristics is needed. At present, most of the models found in literature describe uniform corrosion and those that do address localized corrosion focus on a simplified definition of the reduced cross-sectional area of corroded rebars without due attention to physical characteristics and spatial variability. This may be attributed to the limitations of current non-automated and largely heuristic methods used in evaluating the corrosion characteristics on the surface of reinforcement. Automation of the corrosion measurement method would lead to the development of comprehensive corrosion models considering both systematic and random features of the deterioration process. In this paper, experimental results from corroded bars are processed using 3D scanning techniques and characterised using spatial analysis tools, thus preparing the ground for probabilistic corrosion modelling based on random field concepts.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAssessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures
Place of PublicationZurich
PublisherInternational Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783857481239
ISBN (Print)9783857481239
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
EventIABSE Workshop on Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 6 May 20138 May 2013

Publication series

NameIABSE report


ConferenceIABSE Workshop on Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures


  • Chloride induced corrosion
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Reinforcement bars and spatial variability


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