Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar: Middle Eastern Complexity and Contradiction

Samer Bagaeen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNChapter


In offering reflections on key themes affecting real estate development in the Middle East, this chapter takes a broader view by examining the urban dimensions and implications surrounding efforts to promote real estate investment in various countries around the Middle East as a driver for growth and development. A secondary thread in the chapter reflects on one cost of these real estate developments: the loss of the right to the city. Harvey (2008) put out a call to arms for the ‘construction of a broad social movement’ to reclaim the city for the dispossessed from the hands of private and quasi-private interests that were reshaping cities along lines favourable to developers. Examples of these interests included Michael Bloomberg ‘turning Manhattan into one vast gated community for the rich’, Yale University redesigning large chunks of New Haven’s urban fabric, and Carlos Slim re-cobbling the streets of Mexico city to ‘suit the tourist gaze’ (Harvey, 2008, pp. 38–40).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational approaches to real estate development
EditorsG. Squires, E. Heurkens
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780415828574
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2014


  • Property Development
  • Property
  • Construction Economics
  • Property & Real Estate Finance
  • Finance


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