Prediction of groundwater-induced flooding in a chalk aquifer for future climate change scenarios

Joaquin Jimenez-Martinez, Martin Smith, David Pope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Current climate change models for the southeast UK predict changing rainfall patterns, with increased incidence of extreme events. The chalk aquifer in the UK and northern France is susceptible to groundwater-induced methodological study we apply a frequency domain analysis approach to the chalk aquifer to derive a transfer function between effective rainfall and groundwater level from 7 years of monitoring data from the North Heath Barn site, near Brighton. The derived transfer function was calibrated and validated against monitoring data and then used to predict groundwater level for rainfall models for high, medium and low emission scenarios from the UKCP09 database. The derived transfer function is most closely comparable to the linear aquifer model, despite evidence for both matrix and fracture or karst water uncon rainfall data suggests that groundwater-induced 1961 minima relative to the reference period. Compared to deterministic modelling which requires detailed knowledge of aquifer heterogeneity and processes, the transfer function approach, although with limitations, is simpler, incorporating these factors into the analysis through frequency and phase coef areas.flooding under such conditions. In thisflow in the chalk, with transmissivity andfined storativity at the catchment scale of 1548m2 day1 and 1.6 × 102. The application of the transfer function to UKCP09flooding may be about four times more frequent by 2040–2069 compared with–1990 and seven times more frequent by 2070–2099. The model data also suggest an increase in the duration of groundwaterficients, and thus may have the potential for groundwater risk assessment in other
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-587
Number of pages15
JournalHydrological Processes
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2015

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of groundwater-induced flooding in a chalk aquifer for future climate change scenarios'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this