High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games

a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days

Wayne Derman, Phoebe Runciman, Esme Jordaan, Martin Schwellnus, Cheri Blauwet, Nick Webborn, Jan Lexell, Peter Van de Vliet, James Kissick, Jaap Stomphorst, Young-Hee Lee, Keun-Suh Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods: 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. Results: 112 of 567 athletes (19.8%) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9%) did not require time loss. Conclusion: The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint - a consistent finding in elite para sport.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Athletes
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Sports
Athletic Injuries
Elbow
Information Systems
Lower Extremity
Epidemiology
Arm
Neck
Joints
Head

Keywords

  • athletes
  • disability
  • impairment
  • injury
  • international sporting events
  • paralympic

Cite this

Derman, Wayne ; Runciman, Phoebe ; Jordaan, Esme ; Schwellnus, Martin ; Blauwet, Cheri ; Webborn, Nick ; Lexell, Jan ; Van de Vliet, Peter ; Kissick, James ; Stomphorst, Jaap ; Lee, Young-Hee ; Kim, Keun-Suh. / High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games : a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019.
@article{3d02335ed618466c9c78df6883421735,
title = "High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days",
abstract = "Objective: To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods: 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. Results: 112 of 567 athletes (19.8{\%}) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95{\%} CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95{\%} CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95{\%} CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95{\%} CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9{\%}) did not require time loss. Conclusion: The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint - a consistent finding in elite para sport.",
keywords = "athletes, disability, impairment, injury, international sporting events, paralympic",
author = "Wayne Derman and Phoebe Runciman and Esme Jordaan and Martin Schwellnus and Cheri Blauwet and Nick Webborn and Jan Lexell and {Van de Vliet}, Peter and James Kissick and Jaap Stomphorst and Young-Hee Lee and Keun-Suh Kim",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170",
language = "English",
journal = "British Journal of Sports Medicine",
issn = "0306-3674",

}

Derman, W, Runciman, P, Jordaan, E, Schwellnus, M, Blauwet, C, Webborn, N, Lexell, J, Van de Vliet, P, Kissick, J, Stomphorst, J, Lee, Y-H & Kim, K-S 2019, 'High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games: a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days', British Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170

High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games : a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days. / Derman, Wayne; Runciman, Phoebe; Jordaan, Esme; Schwellnus, Martin; Blauwet, Cheri; Webborn, Nick; Lexell, Jan; Van de Vliet, Peter; Kissick, James; Stomphorst, Jaap; Lee, Young-Hee; Kim, Keun-Suh.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, 22.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

TY - JOUR

T1 - High incidence of injuries at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games

T2 - a prospective cohort study of 6804 athlete days

AU - Derman, Wayne

AU - Runciman, Phoebe

AU - Jordaan, Esme

AU - Schwellnus, Martin

AU - Blauwet, Cheri

AU - Webborn, Nick

AU - Lexell, Jan

AU - Van de Vliet, Peter

AU - Kissick, James

AU - Stomphorst, Jaap

AU - Lee, Young-Hee

AU - Kim, Keun-Suh

PY - 2019/2/22

Y1 - 2019/2/22

N2 - Objective: To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods: 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. Results: 112 of 567 athletes (19.8%) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9%) did not require time loss. Conclusion: The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint - a consistent finding in elite para sport.

AB - Objective: To describe the epidemiology of sports injury at the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games. Methods: 567 athletes from 49 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games (6804 athlete days). Injury data were obtained daily from teams with their own medical support (41 teams and 557 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (8 teams and 10 athletes) through two electronic data capturing systems. Results: 112 of 567 athletes (19.8%) reported a total of 142 injuries, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 20.9 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 17.4 to 25.0). The highest IR was reported for para snowboard (IR of 40.5 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 28.5 to 57.5]; p<0.02), particularly in the lower limb and head/face/neck anatomical areas. Across all sports at the Games, acute traumatic injuries (IR of 16.2 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 13.2 to 19.8]) and injuries to the shoulder/arm/elbow complex (IR of 5.7 per 1000 athlete days [95% CI 4.2 to 7.8]) were most common. However, most injuries (78.9%) did not require time loss. Conclusion: The new Paralympic Winter Games sport of Para snowboard requires attention to implement actions that will reduce injury risk. The shoulder was the most injured single joint - a consistent finding in elite para sport.

KW - athletes

KW - disability

KW - impairment

KW - injury

KW - international sporting events

KW - paralympic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062080154&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170

DO - 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100170

M3 - Article

JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

ER -