Effects of flow and contraction on lactate transport in the perfused rat hindlimb

P. W. Watt, L. B. Gladden, H. S. Hundal, R. E. Crawford

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    A perfused rat hindlimb preparation was used to assess the effects of perfusate flow and electrical stimulation to mimic exercise on the rates of lactate influx (measured by a dual tracer technique with [3H]mannitol as the extracellular marker) and net lactate production. The same perfused muscle system was also used for assessing the effects of α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate (CIN, 15 mM), phloretin (0.6 mM), and pyruvate on tracer lactate influx. Unidirectional lactate influx, oxygen uptake (V̇O2), and net lactate flux were all significantly dependent on perfusate flow rate (all P < 0.05). The hindlimb was in net lactate production at all flow rates studied. Electrical stimulation (60 Hz, 100 ms, 20 V trains at 0.6 min-1) at perfusate lactate concentration of 1 mM significantly increased the hindlimb V̇O2 from 8.0 ± 1.1 to 16.0 ± 2.2 ml · kg-1 · min-1 and production of lactate from - 69 ± 31 to -823 ± 77 nmol · min-1 · g-1 (both P < 0.001) but did not affect tracer-measured unidirectional lactate influx (nonstimulated: 235.4 ± 78.1; stimulated: 235.0 ± 31.0 nmol · min-1 · g-1). At a perfusate flow of 0.55 ml · g-1 · min-1 the unidirectional influx of 1 mM lactate was markedly inhibited (90 ± 5%) by 15 mM CIN. CIN also significantly reduced V̇O2 from 6.2 ± 0.16 to 4.45 ± 0.57 ml · kg-1 · min-1 (P < 0.05, n = 5). Phloretin (0.6 mM, n = 3) had no significant effect on lactate influx. Varying perfusate pyruvate concentration from 5 to 50 mM inhibited tracer lactate influx equally effectively as similar concentrations of lactate; the affinity of the process seemed to be similar for both molecules. These results add further experimental evidence to suggest the presence of a lactate transporter in skeletal muscle membrane and provide additional information concerning the physiological characteristics of lactate transport in and out of muscle.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
    Issue number1 30-1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994


    • exercise
    • lactate carrier
    • muscle metabolism
    • skeletal muscle


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