Drop rebound after impact: The role of the receding contact angle

C. Antonini, F. Villa, I. Bernagozzi, A. Amirfazli, M. Marengo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Data from the literature suggest that the rebound of a drop from a surface can be achieved when the wettability is low, i.e., when contact angles, measured at the triple line (solid-liquid-air), are high. However, no clear criterion exists to predict when a drop will rebound from a surface and which is the key wetting parameter to govern drop rebound (e.g., the "equilibrium" contact angle, θeq, the advancing and the receding contact angles, θA and θR, respectively, the contact angle hysteresis, Δθ, or any combination of these parameters). To clarify the conditions for drop rebound, we conducted experimental tests on different dry solid surfaces with variable wettability, from hydrophobic to superhydrophobic surfaces, with advancing contact angles 108 < θA < 169 and receding contact angles 89 < θR < 161. It was found that the receding contact angle is the key wetting parameter that influences drop rebound, along with surface hydrophobicity: for the investigated impact conditions (drop diameter 2.4 < D0 < 2.6 mm, impact speed 0.8 < V < 4.1 m/s, Weber number 25 < We < 585), rebound was observed only on surfaces with receding contact angles higher than 100. Also, the drop rebound time decreased by increasing the receding contact angle. It was also shown that in general care must be taken when using statically defined wetting parameters (such as advancing and receding contact angles) to predict the dynamic behavior of a liquid on a solid surface because the dynamics of the phenomenon may affect surface wetting close to the impact point (e.g., as a result of the transition from the Cassie-Baxter to Wenzel state in the case of the so-called superhydrophobic surfaces) and thus affect the drop rebound.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)16045-16050
    Number of pages6
    Issue number52
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2013


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