Developing the agile enterprise

John Bessant, David Knowles, Greg Briffa, David Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The problem facing enterprises in the late 20th century can be seen as the latest version of two long-standing puzzles to do with responding to demanding internal and external environments. The continuing search for solutions to these puzzles leads to investment in innovation - via R&D, technology transfer, etc. But evidence suggests that the key requirement is not solving the puzzle for one set of circumstances but in continually solving the problems as the puzzles mutate. This places emphasis on organisational capability - it is not what you know or what you can buy but how well you learn and adapt which is the key. We term this 'agility', and this paper explores the definition in terms of the 'dynamic capability' view of strategic management. This paper draws on case study research being carried out as part of a major UK program of work looking at the development of agility in small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises. The paper presents a reference model which seeks to explain and guide the development of agility within organisations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-497
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of technology management
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Agility
  • Continuous improvement
  • Innovation
  • SMEs
  • Dynamic capability
  • Organisational development


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