Defining and Testing a Safety Cognition Framework Incorporating Safety Hazard Perception

Yu Han, Zhenzhen Yin, Jialun Liu, Ruoyu (Roy) Jin, Noel Painting, Kassim Gidado, Yang Yang, Libo Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

There has been insufficient research focusing on checking the reliability of construction employees’ hazard perceptions by comparing them to the empirical safety data. There have also been limited studies focusing on how site employees’ perceptions could be affected by multiple external and internal influence factors such as worker’s experience levels. This study firstly developed a theoretical safety cognition framework addressing site employees’ perceptions towards hazards. Empirical data from China’s construction safety report were collected to quantify and define eight common safety hazard or accident scenes. Following the empirical data analysis, these eight hazards were ranked in terms of their occurrence, severity, and controllability. Based on a total of 201 valid questionnaires received in China’s construction industry, site employees’ perceptions towards these eight hazards were analyzed, ranked, and compared to the empirical ranking. Major findings included but were not limited to: (1) hazards with higher occurrence tended to be perceived with less deviation; (2) more experienced employees were more likely to apply their prior scenarios and safety knowledge in perceiving given hazards and further to hold more reliable perceptions; (3) prior scenarios might also create biased perceptions in the case of electrocution. The current study contributed to the knowledge in safety climate by proposing and testing the framework incorporating safety perceptions. Continued from this study, further research could be performed to explore more subgroup factors’ effects on workers’ perceptions, as well as how to design an effective safety training program to correct their biased perceptions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2019

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Hazards
Testing
Personnel
Construction industry
Controllability
Accidents

Bibliographical note

This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/%28ASCE%29CO.1943-7862.0001718

Cite this

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title = "Defining and Testing a Safety Cognition Framework Incorporating Safety Hazard Perception",
abstract = "There has been insufficient research focusing on checking the reliability of construction employees’ hazard perceptions by comparing them to the empirical safety data. There have also been limited studies focusing on how site employees’ perceptions could be affected by multiple external and internal influence factors such as worker’s experience levels. This study firstly developed a theoretical safety cognition framework addressing site employees’ perceptions towards hazards. Empirical data from China’s construction safety report were collected to quantify and define eight common safety hazard or accident scenes. Following the empirical data analysis, these eight hazards were ranked in terms of their occurrence, severity, and controllability. Based on a total of 201 valid questionnaires received in China’s construction industry, site employees’ perceptions towards these eight hazards were analyzed, ranked, and compared to the empirical ranking. Major findings included but were not limited to: (1) hazards with higher occurrence tended to be perceived with less deviation; (2) more experienced employees were more likely to apply their prior scenarios and safety knowledge in perceiving given hazards and further to hold more reliable perceptions; (3) prior scenarios might also create biased perceptions in the case of electrocution. The current study contributed to the knowledge in safety climate by proposing and testing the framework incorporating safety perceptions. Continued from this study, further research could be performed to explore more subgroup factors’ effects on workers’ perceptions, as well as how to design an effective safety training program to correct their biased perceptions.",
author = "Yu Han and Zhenzhen Yin and Jialun Liu and Jin, {Ruoyu (Roy)} and Noel Painting and Kassim Gidado and Yang Yang and Libo Yan",
note = "This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/{\%}28ASCE{\%}29CO.1943-7862.0001718",
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Defining and Testing a Safety Cognition Framework Incorporating Safety Hazard Perception. / Han, Yu; Yin, Zhenzhen; Liu, Jialun; Jin, Ruoyu (Roy); Painting, Noel; Gidado, Kassim; Yang, Yang; Yan, Libo.

In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 30.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Gidado, Kassim

AU - Yang, Yang

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