Believing is achieving: a longitudinal study of self-efficacy and positive affect in resettled refugees

Linda Tip, Rupert Brown, Linda Morrice, Michael Collyer, Matthew J. Easterbrook

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This paper investigates the link between self-efficacy and positive affect among resettled refugees (N = 180). We hypothesised that self-efficacy would play a key role in improving refugee wellbeing. Research used mixed methods. A longitudinal survey with three time points confirmed that higher levels of general self-efficacy were consistently associated with better positive affect at later time points. The reverse effects, from positive affect to later self-efficacy, were not significant. In addition, qualitative interviews with a subsample provide suggestions as to how self-efficacy of refugees might be improved: that is, by improving access to employment and language classes, by clarifying how British social and cultural systems work, including the practical information necessary to navigate daily life, and by providing more opportunities to increase social networks, all suggesting the necessity of a proactive role of the receiving society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3174-3190
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
    Issue number15
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2020

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (
    licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    • self-efficacy
    • positive affect
    • refugees
    • employment
    • language
    • social networks
    • Self-efficacy


    Dive into the research topics of 'Believing is achieving: a longitudinal study of self-efficacy and positive affect in resettled refugees'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this