Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

Abstract

The paper revisits Manfredo Tafuri's "Toward a Critique of Architectural Ideology" (1969). In the essay Tafuri analyses the integration of architectural ideology - 'project' and 'utopia' - into state ideology, its move from superstructure to base. For him "Architecture as the ideology of the Plan is swept away by the reality of the Plan at the moment the plan came down from the utopian level and became an operant mechanism." Tafuri's essay was a comment on Antonio Negri's "Keynes and the Capitalist Theory of the State post-1929" (1968). According to Negri the economic crisis of 1929 had destroyed confidence in the future. As a consequence the state was "to remove fear of the future", to eliminate its risk and uncertainty. The cure was to project the future according to present expectations, "the state as the plan". For Tafuri though, "It is significant that almost all the economic objectives formulated by Keynes in his General Theory can be found, in purely ideological form, at the basis of the poetics of modern architecture." It was architecture that aimed at the reorganization of production, distribution and consumption in the capitalist city. While his 'critique of ideology' is often discussed, the specific notion of 'architecture as the ideology of the Plan' remains largely overlooked. The paper clarifies Tafuri's critique of ideology, drawing attention to the 'plan' as specific form of representation, organization and administration. It situates the essay within the political context of Italian Workerism and their slogan "contro il piano", against the plan.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Conference Architecture and Ideology
Place of PublicationBelgrade, Serbia
Pages557-564
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2012
EventThe International Conference Architecture and Ideology - Ilija Milosavljević Kolarac Foundation, Belgrade, Serbia, 28-29 Sept 2012
Duration: 28 Sep 2012 → …

Conference

ConferenceThe International Conference Architecture and Ideology
Period28/09/12 → …

Fingerprint

Ideology
John Maynard Keynes
Utopia
Slogan
Reorganization
Confidence
Negri
Modern Architecture
General Theory
Economics
Utopian
Economic Crisis
Poetics
Uncertainty

Bibliographical note

© 2012 The author

Keywords

  • Manfredo Tafuri
  • critique of ideology
  • plan
  • Workerism
  • economic theory

Cite this

Amhoff, T. (2012). Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology. In The International Conference Architecture and Ideology (pp. 557-564). Belgrade, Serbia.
Amhoff, Tilo. / Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology. The International Conference Architecture and Ideology. Belgrade, Serbia, 2012. pp. 557-564
@inproceedings{bc7b66d3fba44b32b4bcdf93ff0e19e9,
title = "Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology",
abstract = "The paper revisits Manfredo Tafuri's {"}Toward a Critique of Architectural Ideology{"} (1969). In the essay Tafuri analyses the integration of architectural ideology - 'project' and 'utopia' - into state ideology, its move from superstructure to base. For him {"}Architecture as the ideology of the Plan is swept away by the reality of the Plan at the moment the plan came down from the utopian level and became an operant mechanism.{"} Tafuri's essay was a comment on Antonio Negri's {"}Keynes and the Capitalist Theory of the State post-1929{"} (1968). According to Negri the economic crisis of 1929 had destroyed confidence in the future. As a consequence the state was {"}to remove fear of the future{"}, to eliminate its risk and uncertainty. The cure was to project the future according to present expectations, {"}the state as the plan{"}. For Tafuri though, {"}It is significant that almost all the economic objectives formulated by Keynes in his General Theory can be found, in purely ideological form, at the basis of the poetics of modern architecture.{"} It was architecture that aimed at the reorganization of production, distribution and consumption in the capitalist city. While his 'critique of ideology' is often discussed, the specific notion of 'architecture as the ideology of the Plan' remains largely overlooked. The paper clarifies Tafuri's critique of ideology, drawing attention to the 'plan' as specific form of representation, organization and administration. It situates the essay within the political context of Italian Workerism and their slogan {"}contro il piano{"}, against the plan.",
keywords = "Manfredo Tafuri, critique of ideology, plan, Workerism, economic theory",
author = "Tilo Amhoff",
note = "{\circledC} 2012 The author",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "28",
language = "English",
pages = "557--564",
booktitle = "The International Conference Architecture and Ideology",

}

Amhoff, T 2012, Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology. in The International Conference Architecture and Ideology. Belgrade, Serbia, pp. 557-564, The International Conference Architecture and Ideology, 28/09/12.

Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology. / Amhoff, Tilo.

The International Conference Architecture and Ideology. Belgrade, Serbia, 2012. p. 557-564.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

TY - GEN

T1 - Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology

AU - Amhoff, Tilo

N1 - © 2012 The author

PY - 2012/9/28

Y1 - 2012/9/28

N2 - The paper revisits Manfredo Tafuri's "Toward a Critique of Architectural Ideology" (1969). In the essay Tafuri analyses the integration of architectural ideology - 'project' and 'utopia' - into state ideology, its move from superstructure to base. For him "Architecture as the ideology of the Plan is swept away by the reality of the Plan at the moment the plan came down from the utopian level and became an operant mechanism." Tafuri's essay was a comment on Antonio Negri's "Keynes and the Capitalist Theory of the State post-1929" (1968). According to Negri the economic crisis of 1929 had destroyed confidence in the future. As a consequence the state was "to remove fear of the future", to eliminate its risk and uncertainty. The cure was to project the future according to present expectations, "the state as the plan". For Tafuri though, "It is significant that almost all the economic objectives formulated by Keynes in his General Theory can be found, in purely ideological form, at the basis of the poetics of modern architecture." It was architecture that aimed at the reorganization of production, distribution and consumption in the capitalist city. While his 'critique of ideology' is often discussed, the specific notion of 'architecture as the ideology of the Plan' remains largely overlooked. The paper clarifies Tafuri's critique of ideology, drawing attention to the 'plan' as specific form of representation, organization and administration. It situates the essay within the political context of Italian Workerism and their slogan "contro il piano", against the plan.

AB - The paper revisits Manfredo Tafuri's "Toward a Critique of Architectural Ideology" (1969). In the essay Tafuri analyses the integration of architectural ideology - 'project' and 'utopia' - into state ideology, its move from superstructure to base. For him "Architecture as the ideology of the Plan is swept away by the reality of the Plan at the moment the plan came down from the utopian level and became an operant mechanism." Tafuri's essay was a comment on Antonio Negri's "Keynes and the Capitalist Theory of the State post-1929" (1968). According to Negri the economic crisis of 1929 had destroyed confidence in the future. As a consequence the state was "to remove fear of the future", to eliminate its risk and uncertainty. The cure was to project the future according to present expectations, "the state as the plan". For Tafuri though, "It is significant that almost all the economic objectives formulated by Keynes in his General Theory can be found, in purely ideological form, at the basis of the poetics of modern architecture." It was architecture that aimed at the reorganization of production, distribution and consumption in the capitalist city. While his 'critique of ideology' is often discussed, the specific notion of 'architecture as the ideology of the Plan' remains largely overlooked. The paper clarifies Tafuri's critique of ideology, drawing attention to the 'plan' as specific form of representation, organization and administration. It situates the essay within the political context of Italian Workerism and their slogan "contro il piano", against the plan.

KW - Manfredo Tafuri

KW - critique of ideology

KW - plan

KW - Workerism

KW - economic theory

M3 - Conference contribution with ISSN or ISBN

SP - 557

EP - 564

BT - The International Conference Architecture and Ideology

CY - Belgrade, Serbia

ER -

Amhoff T. Architecture as the Ideology of the Plan: Revisiting Manfredo Tafuri's Critique of Ideology. In The International Conference Architecture and Ideology. Belgrade, Serbia. 2012. p. 557-564