A systematic review of associations between substance use and sexual risk behaviour, stis and unplanned pregnancy in women

Natalie Edelman, Richard de-Visser, C.H. Mercer, Jackie A. Cassell

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Background/introduction: Associations between substance use and sexual risk among general populations of women may be helpful in the development of a sexual risk assessment tool for community health settings. Aim(s)/objectives: To review the evidence for whether smoking, alcohol and drug use variables are associated with reporting of unprotected sexual intercourse, multiple partnerships, STI diagnoses and unplanned pregnancy in women aged 16-44 years. Methods: Seven electronic databases were searched for probability population surveys published between 31/1/1994 and 31/1/2014 that reported on at least one of the outcomes above. Studies were included on women aged 16-44 years in the European Union, Australia, New Zealand, USA or Canada. An independent reviewer screened 10% of title and abstract exclusions and all full-text papers. Results: Three papers were identified. Current smoking was associated with unplanned pregnancy in the last year (Wellings 2013) and with current non-use of contraception among women (Xaverius 2009). Reporting ever smoking daily was also associated with reporting larger numbers of lifetime sexual partners (Cavazos-Rehg, 2011). Drug use in the last year (excepting cannabis) was associated with unplanned pregnancy (Wellings 2013). Cavazos-Rehg, 2011 found a dose response between lifetime partner numbers and heaviness of marijuana and alcohol use. Conversely Xaverius, 2009 found alcohol use was lower among those reporting current non-use of contraception. Discussion/conclusion:No clear direction emerged for the association with alcohol use, in contrast to drug use and smoking. Further research is needed to establish if alcohol has utility in a women's sexual risk assessment tool for community use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages0-0
Number of pages1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2015
EventBritish association of sexual health and HIV Spring conference - Glasgow Scotland, Royal Concert Halls, 1-3 June 2015
Duration: 30 Jun 2015 → …

Conference

ConferenceBritish association of sexual health and HIV Spring conference
Period30/06/15 → …

Bibliographical note

This article has been accepted for publication in Sexually Transmitted Infections following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version A systematic review of associations between substance use and sexual risk behaviour, stis and unplanned pregnancy in women 2015; 91:A35 is available online at: www. http://sti.bmj.com/content/91/Suppl_1/A35.1

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