A review of sand detachment in modern deep marine environments: Analogues for upslope stratigraphic traps

John W. Counts, Lawrence Amy, Aggeliki Georgiopoulou, Peter Haughton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Isolated, detached sands provide opportunities for large-volume stratigraphic traps in many deepwater petroleum systems. Here we provide a review of the different types of sandbody detachments based on published data from the modern-day seafloor and recent (generally Quaternary-present), shallow-buried strata. Detachment mechanisms can be classified based on their timing of formation relative to deposition of the detached sandbody as well as their process of formation. Syndepositional detachment mechanisms include flow transformation associated with slope failure (Class 1), turbidity current erosion (Class 2), and contourite deposition (Class 3). Post-depositional detachment is related to subsequent erosive processes and truncation of the pre-existing sandbody, either by submarine channels (Class 4), mass-transport events (Class 5), post-depositional sliding or faulting (Class 6) or bottom currents (Class 7). Examples of each of these mechanisms are identified on the modern seafloor, and show that detached sandbodies can form at different locations along the continental slope and rise (from upper slope to basin floor), and between or within different architectural elements (i.e., canyon, channels and lobes). This variation in formation style results in detached sands of highly variable sizes (tens to hundreds of kilometres) and geometries across and along the depositional profile, which are dependent upon the erosive and/or depositional processes involved, as well as the seafloor topography of the area in question. Whilst modern seafloor systems may not always represent the final stratigraphic architecture in the subsurface, they provide important insights into the development of detached sandbodies and therefore serve as potential analogues for subsurface stratigraphic traps.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105184
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
Volume132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the Irish Centre for Research in Applied Geosciences (iCRAG) and University College Dublin. Additional support was provided during manuscript drafting by the United States Geological Survey. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The authors would like to thank Dr. Josh Long, Evan Bargnesi, Associate Editor Dr. Roberto Tinterri, and reviewers Dr. Javier Hern?ndez-Molina and Dr. Fabiano Gamberi for helpful reviews and comments.

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the Irish Centre for Research in Applied Geosciences (iCRAG) and University College Dublin . Additional support was provided during manuscript drafting by the United States Geological Survey . Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The authors would like to thank Dr. Josh Long, Evan Bargnesi, Associate Editor Dr. Roberto Tinterri, and reviewers Dr. Javier Hernández-Molina and Dr. Fabiano Gamberi for helpful reviews and comments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Analog
  • Deepwater
  • Deposition
  • Petroleum
  • Sand
  • Seafloor
  • Sedimentation
  • Seismic

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