A further assessment of factors influencing measurements of thioguanine-resistant mutant frequency in circulating T-lymphocytes

J. Cole, M.H.L. Green, S.Elizabeth James, L. Henderson, H. Cole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have used the T-Lymphocyte cloning technique as a method of monitoring the human population for somatic cell mutant frequency. We present a statistical analysis of the experimental factors which may influence the observed mutant frequency. We have obtained consistently high plating efficiencies of T-cells from the mononuclear cell fraction from donor blood samples (mean of 56%, based on 123 observations from 70 individuals). Nevertheless, an inverse correlation of mutant frequency with plating efficiency was observed, and some experimental factors (serum and interleukin-2 batch, and worker) may have a significant effect on the observed mutant frequency. We discuss the difficulties that these possible effects present in establishment of a reference database and design of long-term studies. No significant effect of donor sex on mutant frequency was observed, but age (1.3% increase per year for normal adults) and smoking (56% increase over normal non-smokers) both significantly increased the mutant frequency. We discuss the utility of the assay for the monitoring of populations for heritable DNA damage, and we compare the results to those obtained with lymphocytes using other endpoints, e.g. chromosome aberrations, micronuclei and sister-chromatid exchange.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-507
Number of pages15
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology
Volume204
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 1988

Keywords

  • T-lymphocytes
  • 6-Thioguanine resistance
  • Human population monitoring
  • Statistical analysis
  • Mutant frequency
  • Age effect
  • Smoking effect

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