A Comprehensive Review of Reverse Logistics in the Automotive Industry

Xumei Zhang, Jiaxuan Yu, Wei Yan, Yan Wang, Nachiappan Subramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reverse logistics of automobiles has received wide attention in recent years with the innovation of resource utilization and the increase of environmental awareness. Many research papers have been published in the RL discipline focusing on the automotive industry. However, no review article is available on product-specific issues. To bridge this gap, 91 papers published in the Web of Science (WOS) database between January 2013 and March 2023 were selected and analyzed using content analysis to classify the articles into survey, evaluation, decision making, framework, modeling and review. The main findings of this paper are as follows: (1) Research on reverse logistics activities has mainly focused on recycling and remanufacturing, and insufficient research has been conducted on activities such as dismantling and waste management. (2) In terms of research objects, ELVs and automotive batteries have received a lot of attention, while less research has been done on automotive tires, engines, waste oil, etc., which need further attention. (3) Integrated economic, environmental and social considerations are research opportunities for future evaluation and decision making. (4) The establishment of multi-objective problems and the innovation of solution methods may be the future research direction. (5) Green and sustainability themes are the main trends in the development of reverse logistics in the automotive industry in the future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47112-47128
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Open Fund of the Hubei Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission and Manufacturing Engineering, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, under Grant MTMEOF2019B11; in part by the 2023 Research Project of China Society of Logistics and China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing under Grant 2023CSLKT3-307; and in part by the Foundation of China under Grant 51975432.

Publisher Copyright:


  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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