A blockchain-enabled framework for reverse supply chain management of power batteries

Xugang Zhang, Xinbiao Feng, Zhigang Jiang, Qingshan Gong, Yan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The production and sales of electric vehicles in China are continuously increasing, and a massive wave of scrap batteries is about to emerge. However, there are many challenges in the power battery recycling, such as a disorganized recycling system, a lack of standards, and low efficiency. In addition, the power battery recycling supply chain faces issues such as a lack of transparency, inadequate data management, low trustworthiness, and counterfeit products. Therefore, it's crucial to establish an efficient and sustainable power battery supply chain recycling system. Blockchain technology can provide solutions in decentralized data management, privacy protection, and anti-counterfeiting traceability. It addresses existing problems and improves the Power Batteries Reverse Supply Chain (PBRSC) ecosystem. Thus, this paper proposes a blockchain-based PBRSC management integration framework. Firstly, a four-layer blockchain power battery recycling platform is designed. Secondly, based on the proposed PBRSC framework, this paper studies three key component technologies: double-chain structure and its storage mechanism, information tracing module, and smart contract enabled battery trading management. Then, the validity and feasibility of the double-chain structure was demonstrated experimentally. Finally, the above architecture and key technologies are implemented in the system, the main functional modules are displayed on the interface, and the effectiveness of the framework is explained in cooperation with related enterprises.
Original languageEnglish
Article number137823
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52075396 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Blockchain technology
  • Power battery
  • Reverse supply chain
  • Smart contract
  • Traceability


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