In our research context, sustainable procurement can be seen as a process to reduce damage to the environment by integrating certain aspects into making procurement decisions, such as value for money throughout the whole life cycle and being of benefit to society and the economy. This research has found more than one way of interpreting the ‘sustainable system’, for example, ‘green-friendly’ versus remaining effective in the long term. Sustainable procurement requires specific information to support the procurement process. The study reported in this thesis aimed to investigate the type of information needed in order for organisations to make correct sustainable procurement decisions. From these findings, information architecture for sustainable procurement in UK universities has been derived. While the initial focus has been on the information needed to make informed decisions in purchasing sustainable information technology (IT) equipment, it is believed that the framework would also be more widely applicable to other types of purchases. To ensure that these findings would support the university aspiration in terms of sustainability practices, a goal-context modelling technique called VMOST/B-SCP was chosen to analyse the sustainable procurement strategy in order to evaluate the alignment of IT strategy and its business strategy. A goal-context model using VMOST/B-SCP was produced to evaluate the procurement strategy, with this validated by procurement staff. This research helps to improve the way that goals and context are identified by integrating another technique, namely, social network analysis (SNA) to produce actor network diagrams. The VMOST/B-SCP technique is transferrable to the mapping of action strategies. The findings from goal-context modelling show that a goal-context model is not static: it changes as external circumstances and organisational priorities change. Most changes to the strategy occurred where external entities on which the change programme depended did not act as planned. The actor networks produced in our version of VMOST/B-SCP can be used to identify such risks. This research was pioneering in its use of VMOST/B-SCP in examining a business change while it was actually taking place rather than after it had been completed (and thus needed to accommodate changes in objectives and strategies). In addition, the research analysed a system with some IT support but where human-operated procedures predominated. The original B-SCP framework used Jackson’s problem frames which focus on possible software components: in our scenario, SNA-inspired actor diagrams were found to be more appropriate.
|Date of Award||Mar 2017|