Controlled auto-ignition (CAI) combustion – also described as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion – was investigated. The primary experiments concerned a direct-injection single-cylinder gasoline engine equipped with a poppet valve combustion system. This engine was operated with both the two-stroke working
cycle and the four-stroke cycle.
The engine experiments were used to establish combustion characteristics and the envelope of operation for CAI combustion, and to investigate the influence of a number of engine parameters including engine speed and load, air-fuel ratio, intake-air heating and exhaust-port throttling. Results from one-dimensional fluid-dynamic calculations were used to support the main data set and to develop hypotheses concerning CAI
combustion in practical gasoline engines.
Images from parallel investigations using an equivalent optical-access engine, and three-dimensional fluid-dynamic calculations, were used to supplement the results generated by the author and to further develop and test understanding of gasoline CAI processes. Finally practical implementation of CAI combustion in passenger vehicles was considered, including possible routes to series production of CAI engines.
|Date of Award||Aug 2010|