Abstract
There are a range of diagram types that can be used to visualize sets. However, there is a significant lack of insight into which is the most effective visualization. To address this knowledge gap, this paper empirically evaluates four diagram types: Venn diagrams, Euler diagrams with shading, Euler diagrams without shading, and the less wellknown linear diagrams. By collecting performance data (time to complete tasks and error rate), through crowdsourcing, we establish that linear diagrams outperform the other three diagram types in terms of both task completion time and number of errors. Venn diagrams perform worst from both perspectives. Thus, we provide evidence that linear diagrams are the most effective of these four diagram types for representing sets.
Original language  English 

Title of host publication  Diagrams 2014 
Place of Publication  Australia 
Pages  146160 
Number of pages  15 
Volume  8578 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  1 Jan 2014 
Event  Diagrams 2014  Melbourne, Australia, 28 July  1 August 2014 Duration: 1 Jan 2014 → … 
Publication series
Name  Lecture Notes in Computer Science 

Conference
Conference  Diagrams 2014 

Period  1/01/14 → … 
Bibliographical note
The final publication is available at Springer via http://10.1007/9783662440438_18Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Visualizing Sets: An Empirical Comparison of Diagram Types'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
Profiles

Andrew Blake
 School of Computing, Engineering & Maths  Senior Lecturer
 Centre for Secure, Intelligent and Usable Systems
Person: Academic