Two measured parameters correlated to participation rates in curbside recycling schemes in the UK

Marie Harder, Ryan Woodard, Matthew L. Bench

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Local authorities in the United Kingdom are currently changing their approach towards recycling as they attempt to meet legislative targets. An important part of this drive is the provision of an effective curbside recycling service and it is vital to understand the parameters that influence the performance of the system offered. In this article, three primary datasets, collected from over 1400 households each, are examined for parameters correlated to participation rates. Two measured parameters were found that are not commonly identified in previous studies of curbside recycling schemes, and they are shown to merit further investigation as useful tools for planning purposes. One is the number of types of material collected; participation rates are greater for schemes collecting more materials. The second is the number of households situated on the same road; the lower the number, the higher the participation rate. In both cases, evidence of the measured correlation is presented, justifying their usefulness for planning. The multiple underlying factors causing the correlations are not identified here, but suggestions are made for further studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-495
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Bibliographical note

This is a post-print of a paper published in Environmental Management 37(4):487-495 (2006). The final publication is available at Springer via


  • Waste planning
  • Household waste
  • Recycling targets
  • Curbside recycling
  • Kerbside recycling
  • Participation rates


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