Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a common and bothersome condition for which no pharmacological treatment options with acceptable efficacy exist. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator BAY 60-2770 and the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib on bladder function in a rat model of CPPS. Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were intraprostatically injected with either saline, serving as control, or zymosan, to induce prostatitis. On days 8-20, the rats were treated with either dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO; vehicle), celecoxib, BAY 60-2770 or a combination of celecoxib and BAY 60-2770. Thereafter, micturition parameters were assessed in a metabolic cage and urine samples were collected. The following day, cystometry was performed. Subsequently, the urinary bladder and prostate were removed and examined histopathologically. Induction of prostatitis led to a significant increase of micturition frequency and corresponding decrease of volume per micturition. These alterations were ameliorated by celecoxib, and completely normalized by BAY 60-2770. Induction of prostatitis led to a significantly increased number of non-voiding contractions, decreased bladder compliance and increased voiding time. These parameters were normalized by treatment with BAY 60-2770, either alone or in combination with celecoxib. The immunohistochemical analysis showed signs of prostate inflammation, but not bladder inflammation. Induction of prostatitis led to significant impairment in bladder function. These alterations could be prevented by BAY 60-2770, alone or in combination with celecoxib. This is the first study to show that sGC activators could be a promising option for the treatment of CPPS. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.]
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Gothenburg Society of Medicine , Rådman och Fru Ernst Collianders foundation , the Royal Swedish Society and the Wilhelm and Martina Lundgren foundation . The funding sources had no role in the study design, in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, in the writing of the report or in the decision to submit the article for publication.
© 2022 The Authors
- BAY 60–2770
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
- sGC activator