Transition metal-doped cryogels as bioactive materials for wound healing applications

Duong Luong, Abdulla A. Yergeshova, Mohamed Zoughaib, Farida R. Sadykova, Bulat I. Gareev, Irina Savina, Timur I. Abdullin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transition metals (TM)are essential microelements with various biological functions demanded in tissue regeneration applications. Little is known about therapeutic potential of TM within soft hydrogel biomaterials. The soluble divalent TM, such as Zn, Cu, Mn and Co, were stably incorporated into gelatin network during cryogelation. TM content in the resultant cryogels varied from 0.1 × 10 3 to 11.8 × 10 3 ppm, depending on the TM type and concentration in the reaction solution. Zn component was uniformly complexed with the gelatin scaffold according to elemental imaging, increasing the swelling of polymer walls and the G′/G″ values and also decreasing the size of cryogel macro-pores. Zn-doped cryogels supported migration of human skin fibroblasts (HSF); only upper Zn content of 11.8 × 10 3 ppm in the scaffold caused c.a. 50% inhibition of cell growth. Zn ions solubilized in culture medium were more active towards HSF (IC 50 ≈ 0.3 mM). Treatment of splinted full-skin excisional wounds in rats with the Zn-doped and non-doped cryogels showed that Zn considerably promoted passing inflammatory/proliferation phases of healing process, inducing more intense dermis formation and structuration. The results show the feasibility of development of cryogel based formulations with different TM and support high phase-specific ability of the Zn-gelatin cryogels to repair acute wounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109759
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: C
Volume103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2019

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Cryogels
  • Excisional wound model
  • Gelatin
  • Transition metals
  • Wound healing
  • Zinc

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    Luong, D., Yergeshova, A. A., Zoughaib, M., Sadykova, F. R., Gareev, B. I., Savina, I., & Abdullin, T. I. (2019). Transition metal-doped cryogels as bioactive materials for wound healing applications. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 103, [109759]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2019.109759