The mixing of fuels with oxidizer has been an increasingly interesting area of research with new engine technologies and the need to reduce emissions, while leveraging efficiency. High-efficiency combustion systems such as diesel engines rely on elevated chamber pressures to maximize power density, producing higher output. In such systems, the fuel is injected under liquid state in a chamber filled with pressurized air at high temperatures. Theoretical calculations on the thermodynamics of fuel mixing processes under these conditions suggest that the injected liquid can undergo a transcritical change of state. Our previous experimental efforts in that regard showed through high-speed imaging that spray droplets transition to fluid parcels mixing without notable surface tension forces, supporting a transcritical process. Only mono-component fuels were used in these studies to provide full control over boundary conditions, which prevented extrapolation of the findings to real systems in which multi-component fuels are injected. Multi-component fuels add another layer of complexity, especially when detailed experiments serve model development, requiring the fuels to be well characterized. In this work, we performed high-speed microscopy in the near-field of high-pressure sprays injected into elevated temperature and pressure environments. A reference diesel fuel and several multi-component surrogates were studied and compared to single component fuels. The results support that a transition occurs under certain thermodynamic conditions for all fuels. As anticipated, the transition from classical evaporation to diffusive mixing is affected by ambient conditions, fuel properties, droplet size and velocity, as well as time scales. Analogous to previous observations made with the normal alkane sprays, the behavior of the multi-component fuels correlate well with their bulk critical properties.
|Title of host publication||ILASS2017 - 28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Sep 2017|
|Event||28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (ILASS) 2017 - Valencia, Spain|
Duration: 6 Sep 2017 → 8 Sep 2017
|Conference||28th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (ILASS) 2017|
|Period||6/09/17 → 8/09/17|