Global tourism growth is unprecedented. Consequently, this has elevated the sector as a key plank for economic development, and its utility is deeply embedded in political, economic and social-ecological discourse. Where the expansion of the sector leverages natural and cultural landscapes, this applies pressure to social and ecological underpinnings that if not reconciled, can become problematic. The way this plays out in Australia’s Shipwreck Coast and the wider Great Ocean Road region, especially the implications for community resilience, is the focus. Emphasis is placed on the vulnerability of peripheral coastal areas to development that withdraws from destination endowments, yet fails to provide commensurate economic yield as a suitable trade-off. This is obvious where tourism intensification has led to concerns about the breach of normative carrying capacities. Temporal overtourism driven by seasonal overcrowding is countenanced as emblematic of tourism in the Anthropocene where focus tends to be largely growth-oriented, with much less attention given to bolstering social-ecological resilience, especially community resilience. At stake is the resilience of regional areas and their communities, who in the absence of garnering commensurate economic returns from tourism expansion find themselves in social and ecological deficit.
Bibliographical noteThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sustainable Tourism on 22/4/2019, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09669582.2019.1578363
- Community resilience
- Temporal overtourism
- Social- Ecological resilience
- social-ecological resilience
- temporal overtourism
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- School of Business and Law - Professor of Tourism and International Dev
- Centre for Arts and Wellbeing
- Design for Circular Cities and Regions (DCCR) Research and Enterprise Group
- Centre of Resilience for Social Justice
- Tourism, Hospitality and Events Research and Enterprise Group
- Centre for Change, Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management