Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Semi-Transparent Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipes Tested in 1 g and Microgravity Conditions

Vincent Ayel, Luca Pietrasanta, Gildas Lalizel, Cyril Romestant, Yves Bertin, Marco Marengo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Four Closed-Loop Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipes (FPPHP) with four different channel internal diameters have been tested under terrestrial (1 g), hyper (1.8-2 g) and micro-gravity conditions, during the ESA 64th Parabolic Flight campaign, at the same operating conditions (heat power range, cooling fluid temperature, vertical BHM orientation). During terrestrial gravity periods, the fluid stratifies with the liquid at the bottom of the system, and, in the lower part of the channels, where the heat is applied (Bottom Heated Mode), the thermo-hydraulic heat and mass transfer mode is purely linked to pool boiling, regardless the diameter. Instead, during microgravity periods, the fluid circulates naturally into a slug and plug flow pattern regime. Dry-out phenomena occur almost immediately after the change in gravity level followed by a fast motion of the liquid plugs, promoting a mass transfer through all PHP channels. A comparative analysis of the evaporator temperatures and the menisci velocities obtained through video post-processing, shows the influence of the channel diameter on the heat and mass transfers occurring inside the different PHPs. A quantitative comparison of the FPPHP thermal performance shows that, during microgravity transient phases, there is a limit of the channel diameter beyond which the thermal performances does not increase anymore, despite the decrease in viscous pressure losses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-415
Number of pages13
JournalMicrogravity Science and Technology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2019

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Microgravity
heat pipes
Heat pipes
Flat Plate
flat plates
microgravity
Hydraulics
hydraulics
Heat
Mass transfer
Heat and Mass Transfer
mass transfer
Fluid
Fluids
Gravity
plugs
Gravitation
Liquid
fluids
Heat transfer

Keywords

  • Flat plate pulsating heat pipe
  • Flow pattern
  • Microgravity
  • Slug flow

Cite this

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title = "Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Semi-Transparent Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipes Tested in 1 g and Microgravity Conditions",
abstract = "Four Closed-Loop Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipes (FPPHP) with four different channel internal diameters have been tested under terrestrial (1 g), hyper (1.8-2 g) and micro-gravity conditions, during the ESA 64th Parabolic Flight campaign, at the same operating conditions (heat power range, cooling fluid temperature, vertical BHM orientation). During terrestrial gravity periods, the fluid stratifies with the liquid at the bottom of the system, and, in the lower part of the channels, where the heat is applied (Bottom Heated Mode), the thermo-hydraulic heat and mass transfer mode is purely linked to pool boiling, regardless the diameter. Instead, during microgravity periods, the fluid circulates naturally into a slug and plug flow pattern regime. Dry-out phenomena occur almost immediately after the change in gravity level followed by a fast motion of the liquid plugs, promoting a mass transfer through all PHP channels. A comparative analysis of the evaporator temperatures and the menisci velocities obtained through video post-processing, shows the influence of the channel diameter on the heat and mass transfers occurring inside the different PHPs. A quantitative comparison of the FPPHP thermal performance shows that, during microgravity transient phases, there is a limit of the channel diameter beyond which the thermal performances does not increase anymore, despite the decrease in viscous pressure losses.",
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Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Semi-Transparent Flat Plate Pulsating Heat Pipes Tested in 1 g and Microgravity Conditions. / Ayel, Vincent; Pietrasanta, Luca; Lalizel, Gildas; Romestant, Cyril; Bertin, Yves; Marengo, Marco.

In: Microgravity Science and Technology, Vol. 31, No. 4, 25.05.2019, p. 403-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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