This article investigates the rationale behind transnational mobilisations of neo-Nazi and fascist social movements. It argues that pan-Europeanism is a central tenet, not a counter-principle, of extreme nationalist thought. The focus of the paper lies on contemporary examples of German extra-parliamentary organisations that subscribe to an anti-globalist or anti-capitalist ideology, and on their philosophical and historical precursors. It analyses those strains of reactionary thought that have aimed to ‘preserve' and ‘reawaken' a European Spirit or Culture in defence against the perceived threats of globalisation, and that today form the background to transnational co-operation and networking on the far right agenda.
- Transnational networks
- extreme right