The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds

Mohammed Elamen Babiker, A. Rashid A. Aziz, Morgan Heikal, Suzana Yusup

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The pyrolytic behavior of evolved gases from date palm seeds (DPSs) were measured to gain insight into the mechanism of DPSs pyrolysis. Six different cultivars were used in this study, namely Deglet nour, Piarom, Suffry, Safawi, Mabroom and Aliya. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a real-time gas analyzer (GA) were used to calculate the mass losses and the mole fraction of evolved gases, respectively. DPSs samples were pyrolyzed in an inert atmosphere condition using argon with a purge rate of 100 mL/minute. The samples were subjected to non-isothermal operation. An independent single model and parallel reaction model were adopted to interpret the empirical data collected from TGA and GA, respectively. The results reveled that there are three types of pyrolysis zones depending on the main constituents of every cultivars. Moreover, the potentialty of the zones in controlling the pyrolysis behavior was noticeable. The dominant hydrocarbon species in DPSs were CO and CH4 (40 to 50% higher than the rest of species). The mole fraction of CO was 2 to 4 times higher than the mole fraction of CO2. The activation energy and frequency factor of DPSs evolved species showed that Mabroom has the highest activation energy regarding H2 (63.21kJ/mol) and CO (74.32 kJ/mol).

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014 - Malaysia, 3-5 June 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 3 Jun 20145 Jun 2014

Conference

Conference4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period3/06/145/06/14

Fingerprint

Seed
Pyrolysis
Carbon Monoxide
Gases
Activation energy
Argon
Hydrocarbons

Cite this

Babiker, M. E., Aziz, A. R. A., Heikal, M., & Yusup, S. (2014). The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20141306008
Babiker, Mohammed Elamen ; Aziz, A. Rashid A. ; Heikal, Morgan ; Yusup, Suzana. / The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
@conference{cc390cc09a8942c7a86a9dd2d458916d,
title = "The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds",
abstract = "The pyrolytic behavior of evolved gases from date palm seeds (DPSs) were measured to gain insight into the mechanism of DPSs pyrolysis. Six different cultivars were used in this study, namely Deglet nour, Piarom, Suffry, Safawi, Mabroom and Aliya. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a real-time gas analyzer (GA) were used to calculate the mass losses and the mole fraction of evolved gases, respectively. DPSs samples were pyrolyzed in an inert atmosphere condition using argon with a purge rate of 100 mL/minute. The samples were subjected to non-isothermal operation. An independent single model and parallel reaction model were adopted to interpret the empirical data collected from TGA and GA, respectively. The results reveled that there are three types of pyrolysis zones depending on the main constituents of every cultivars. Moreover, the potentialty of the zones in controlling the pyrolysis behavior was noticeable. The dominant hydrocarbon species in DPSs were CO and CH4 (40 to 50{\%} higher than the rest of species). The mole fraction of CO was 2 to 4 times higher than the mole fraction of CO2. The activation energy and frequency factor of DPSs evolved species showed that Mabroom has the highest activation energy regarding H2 (63.21kJ/mol) and CO (74.32 kJ/mol).",
author = "Babiker, {Mohammed Elamen} and Aziz, {A. Rashid A.} and Morgan Heikal and Suzana Yusup",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1051/matecconf/20141306008",
language = "English",
note = "4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014 ; Conference date: 03-06-2014 Through 05-06-2014",

}

Babiker, ME, Aziz, ARA, Heikal, M & Yusup, S 2014, 'The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds' Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3/06/14 - 5/06/14, . https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20141306008

The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds. / Babiker, Mohammed Elamen; Aziz, A. Rashid A.; Heikal, Morgan; Yusup, Suzana.

2014. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds

AU - Babiker, Mohammed Elamen

AU - Aziz, A. Rashid A.

AU - Heikal, Morgan

AU - Yusup, Suzana

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The pyrolytic behavior of evolved gases from date palm seeds (DPSs) were measured to gain insight into the mechanism of DPSs pyrolysis. Six different cultivars were used in this study, namely Deglet nour, Piarom, Suffry, Safawi, Mabroom and Aliya. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a real-time gas analyzer (GA) were used to calculate the mass losses and the mole fraction of evolved gases, respectively. DPSs samples were pyrolyzed in an inert atmosphere condition using argon with a purge rate of 100 mL/minute. The samples were subjected to non-isothermal operation. An independent single model and parallel reaction model were adopted to interpret the empirical data collected from TGA and GA, respectively. The results reveled that there are three types of pyrolysis zones depending on the main constituents of every cultivars. Moreover, the potentialty of the zones in controlling the pyrolysis behavior was noticeable. The dominant hydrocarbon species in DPSs were CO and CH4 (40 to 50% higher than the rest of species). The mole fraction of CO was 2 to 4 times higher than the mole fraction of CO2. The activation energy and frequency factor of DPSs evolved species showed that Mabroom has the highest activation energy regarding H2 (63.21kJ/mol) and CO (74.32 kJ/mol).

AB - The pyrolytic behavior of evolved gases from date palm seeds (DPSs) were measured to gain insight into the mechanism of DPSs pyrolysis. Six different cultivars were used in this study, namely Deglet nour, Piarom, Suffry, Safawi, Mabroom and Aliya. A thermo-gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and a real-time gas analyzer (GA) were used to calculate the mass losses and the mole fraction of evolved gases, respectively. DPSs samples were pyrolyzed in an inert atmosphere condition using argon with a purge rate of 100 mL/minute. The samples were subjected to non-isothermal operation. An independent single model and parallel reaction model were adopted to interpret the empirical data collected from TGA and GA, respectively. The results reveled that there are three types of pyrolysis zones depending on the main constituents of every cultivars. Moreover, the potentialty of the zones in controlling the pyrolysis behavior was noticeable. The dominant hydrocarbon species in DPSs were CO and CH4 (40 to 50% higher than the rest of species). The mole fraction of CO was 2 to 4 times higher than the mole fraction of CO2. The activation energy and frequency factor of DPSs evolved species showed that Mabroom has the highest activation energy regarding H2 (63.21kJ/mol) and CO (74.32 kJ/mol).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904961507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1051/matecconf/20141306008

DO - 10.1051/matecconf/20141306008

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:84904961507

ER -

Babiker ME, Aziz ARA, Heikal M, Yusup S. The pyrolysis behavior of evolved species from date palm seeds. 2014. Paper presented at 4th International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, ICPER 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20141306008