The impacts of the activity coefficient on heating and evaporation of ethanol/gasoline fuel blends

Nawar Al‐Esawi, Mansour Al Qubeissi, Sergei Sazhin, Reece Whitaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The evolutions of droplet radii and temperatures for ethanol and gasoline fuels and their blends are investigated using a modified version of the Discrete Component (DC) model, taking into account the effect of the activity coefficient (AC). The universal quasi-chemical functional–group AC (UNIFAC) model is used to predict the ACs of the blended ethanol and gasoline fuels approximated by 21 components. In contrast to previous studies, it is shown that droplet lifetimes predicted for pure gasoline are not always shorter than those predicted for ethanol/gasoline blends. They depend on the total vapour pressure of the mixture. It is shown that the original DC model predicts ethanol/gasoline fuel droplet lifetimes with errors up to 5.7% compared to those predicted using the same model but with the ACs obtained from the UNIFAC model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-182
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Droplets
  • fuel

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