The effects of moderate alterations in adrenergic activity on acute appetite regulation in obese women: a randomised crossover trial

Fotini Tsofliou, Yannis Pitsiladis, Jose Lara, Marios P. Hadjicharalambous, Ian A Macdonald, Mike A Wallace, Mike E J Lean

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Abstract

Background: Previous evidence has demonstrated that serum leptin is correlated with appetite in combination with, but not without, modest exercise. Aim: The present experiments investigated the effects of exogenous adrenaline and α/β adrenoceptor blockade in combination with moderate exercise on serum leptin concentrations, appetite/satiety sensations and subsequent food intake in obese women. Methods: A total of 10 obese women ((mean ± SEM), age: 50 (1.9) years, body mass index 36 (4.1) kg/m 2, waist 104.8 (4.1) cm) participated in two separate, double-blind randomised experimental trials. Experiment 1: moderate exercise after α/β adrenergic blocker (labetalol, 100 mg orally) versus moderate exercise plus placebo; experiment 2: adrenaline infusion for 20 minutes versus saline infusion. Appetite/satiety and biochemistry were measured at baseline, pre- and immediately post-intervention, then 1 hour post-intervention (i.e., before dinner). Food intake was assessed via ad libitum buffet-style dinner. Results: No differences were found in appetite/satiety, subsequent food intake or serum leptin in any of the studies (experiment 1 or experiment 2). In experiment 1, blood glucose was higher (p < 0.01) and plasma free fatty acids lower (p = 0.04) versus placebo. In experiment 2, plasma free fatty acids (p < 0.05) increased after adrenaline versus saline infusion. Conclusions: Neither inhibition of exercise-induced adrenergic activity by combined α/β adrenergic blockade nor moderate increases in adrenergic activity induced by intravenous adrenaline infusion affected acute appetite regulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrition and Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

Keywords

  • Appetite regulation
  • adrenaline infusion
  • adrenergic blockade
  • moderate exercise
  • obesity

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    Tsofliou, F., Pitsiladis, Y., Lara, J., Hadjicharalambous, M. P., Macdonald, I. A., Wallace, M. A., & Lean, M. E. J. (2020). The effects of moderate alterations in adrenergic activity on acute appetite regulation in obese women: a randomised crossover trial. Nutrition and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/0260106020942117