'The birthplace of Italian communism': political identity and action amongst Livorno fans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Italian football has been heavily politicized since its arrival on the peninsularand the fans reflect this. Since the 1980s, there has been a shift to the right onthecurveof Italian stadiums. Livorno stands apart as one of the few Italianclubs to maintain a resolute Communist identity. As a consequence of globalization, local identity has been reinforced and Livorno fans draw on a unique history to reinforce their identity. In a variety of different ways Livorno fansperform this identity and this frames their interactions with others. In so doing,they draw on a variety of Communist images and this helps define their actions.Through political protest, charity and matchday choreographies, Livorno fans reflect and resist specific aspects of football in a globalized world
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-261
Number of pages16
JournalSoccer and Society
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2013

Bibliographical note

This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Soccer & Society 2013 © Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14660970.2013.776471

Keywords

  • Livorno
  • Communism
  • Identity
  • Globalisation
  • ultras

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