The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions

Carlton Shepherd, Iakovos Gurulian, Eibe Frank, Konstantinos Markantonakis, Raja Naeem Akram, Emmanouil Panaousis, Keith Mayes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Near Field Communication (NFC) has enabled mo- bile phones to emulate contactless smart cards. Similar to contactless smart cards, they are also susceptible to relay attacks. To counter these, a number of methods have been proposed that rely primarily on ambient sensors as a proximity detection mechanism (also known as an anti-relay mechanism). In this paper, we empirically evaluate a comprehensive set of ambient sensors for their effectiveness as a proximity detection mechanism for NFC contactless-based applications like bank- ing, transport and high-security access controls. We selected 17 sensors available via the Google Android platform. Each sensor, where feasible, was used to record the measurements of 1,000 contactless transactions at four different physical locations. A total of 252 users, a random sample from the university student population, were involved during the field trials. After careful analysis, we conclude that no single evalu- ated mobile ambient sensor is suitable for proximity detection in NFC-based contactless applications in realistic deployment scenarios. Lastly, we identify a number of potential avenues that may improve their effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST)
Place of PublicationSan Jose
PublisherIEEE
Pages0-0
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2017
EventProceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST) - Fairmont Hotel, San Jose, CA, 22-24 May 2017
Duration: 10 May 2017 → …

Conference

ConferenceProceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST)
Period10/05/17 → …

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Sensors
Smart cards
Mobile phones
Access control
Near field communication
Students

Bibliographical note

© 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Cite this

Shepherd, C., Gurulian, I., Frank, E., Markantonakis, K., Akram, R. N., Panaousis, E., & Mayes, K. (2017). The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions. In Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST) (pp. 0-0). San Jose: IEEE.
Shepherd, Carlton ; Gurulian, Iakovos ; Frank, Eibe ; Markantonakis, Konstantinos ; Akram, Raja Naeem ; Panaousis, Emmanouil ; Mayes, Keith. / The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions. Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST). San Jose : IEEE, 2017. pp. 0-0
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Shepherd, C, Gurulian, I, Frank, E, Markantonakis, K, Akram, RN, Panaousis, E & Mayes, K 2017, The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions. in Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST). IEEE, San Jose, pp. 0-0, Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST), 10/05/17.

The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions. / Shepherd, Carlton; Gurulian, Iakovos; Frank, Eibe; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Akram, Raja Naeem; Panaousis, Emmanouil; Mayes, Keith.

Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST). San Jose : IEEE, 2017. p. 0-0.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNResearchpeer-review

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Shepherd C, Gurulian I, Frank E, Markantonakis K, Akram RN, Panaousis E et al. The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions. In Proceedings of the IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops: Mobile Security Technologies (MoST). San Jose: IEEE. 2017. p. 0-0