Surrealist Influences: The Inter-Connectedness of Malcolm Lowry’s Modernism

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    This paper presents Malcolm Lowry (1909-57) as a Modernist writer under the influence of primitivism, surrealism, and European avant-gardism. In examining Lowry’s links to Rye and Ripe in East Sussex, it traces his relationships with the American writer, Conrad Aiken (1889-1973) and with the latter’s friend, the illustrious English surrealist painter, Edward Burra (1905-76), famous for his watercolour of Mexican night-life, El Paseo, c. 1938. It asserts that it was through Burra that Lowry was influenced by the founder of surrealism, André Breton (1896-1966) [who met Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) and Frida Kahlo (1907-54) in Mexico]; the prominent Sussex surrealist and poet, Edward James (1907-84); and the British-born, Mexican surrealist painter and novelist, Leonora Carrington, OBE (1917-2011) – all of whom were enchanted by Mexico. Through the visual arts, connections are made between Burra’s surrealism and Lowry’s interpretation of the Dia de los Muertos, or Mexican Day of the Dead. An eye-witness to this fiesta, Lowry refers to it in his novel, Under the Volcano (1947) – focusing on murals by Diego Rivera (1886-1957) – and in Sursum Corda: The Collected Letters of Malcolm Lowry.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2nd Sussex Modernism Lecture Series
    Place of PublicationEastbourne
    PublisherTowner Art Gallery
    Number of pages1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
    Event2nd Sussex Modernism Lecture Series - The Towner Art Gallery, Eastbourne, 25 May 2016
    Duration: 1 Jan 2016 → …


    Conference2nd Sussex Modernism Lecture Series
    Period1/01/16 → …


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