Stakeholders’ role in improving Ghana’s construction safety

Dorothy Donkoh, Emmanuel Aboagye-Nimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Health and safety (H&S) management has traditionally been the responsibility of the contractor. Most often, contractors are blamed for the accidents and other ill health that occur on their construction sites. H&S performance is, however, enhanced when there is effective collaboration between those involved in the construction process. This paper therefore explores the role of stakeholders in promoting construction H&S in Ghana through public works procurement. The four main stakeholders identified and evaluated in this study are the government, the client (employer), the contractor and the employee(s). Seven interviewees (comprising procurement managers, consultants and quantity surveyors) from public institutions in Ghana participated in the research. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and were thematically analysed. Results indicate a conflict in the perceived functions and relation of these stakeholders in the construction process. To address the constraint to improving construction H&S, certain recommendations are offered. These include the identification of specific individuals responsible for supervision and employee training, the development of H&S policies by the government and contracts that clearly outline the contractual obligations of all parties involved. Additionally, the specific roles and involvements of other stakeholders in the procurement process in improving construction H&S are also outlined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-76
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Management, Procurement and Law
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2016

Bibliographical note

Published by ICE in Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Management, Procurement and Law


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