Solar air conditioning: a review of technological and market perspectives

Simeon Oxyzidis, Agis Papadopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The close relation between maximum insolation, and a building's cooling loads and peak electricity demand indicates that solar-assisted cooling (SAC) is an interesting method of successfully handling this issue. Furthermore, from an environmental viewpoint, SAC arises as a promising alternative to conventional, electrically driven air conditioning since it results in decreased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and does not use of ozonedepleting or greenhouse gas (GHG) refrigerants. The utilization of solar energy in air conditioning may in this sense be the challenge for the next major growth of the solar thermal market. Nevertheless, there is a long way to go, and SAC technologies must prove that they are competitive. This chapter discusses the principles and the state of the art of SAC. Technical and non-technical advantages and barriers are also presented, as well as the possibility of using active SAC technologies, and technical issues raised by the use of electrically driven conventional air-conditioning systems are identified. Finally, by utilizing strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats (SWOT) analysis, conclusions are drawn with respect to measures and strategies for enhancing SAC technologies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-157
Number of pages35
JournalAdvances in Building Energy Research
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

Keywords

  • cooling
  • solar systems
  • urban environment
  • SWOT analysis

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