Social citizenship and social psychology

Emma Anderson, Stephen Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper outlines the concept of social citizenship, which was first theorised in the late 1940s alongside the creation of the UK welfare state, and concerns citizens’ rights to a basic income and standard of living. It suggests that social citizenship – particularly welfare provision – is a useful and important topic for social psychological research, albeit one that has been largely overlooked. We provide an overview of key developments in social citizenship, and consider the impact of 30-plus years of neoliberal governance in Western democracies, which has resulted in ongoing changes to how welfare rights and responsibilities are configured, such as policies that make social citizenship rights contingent on conduct. We outline social scientific work that examines these shifting ideas of citizenship, personhood, welfare and conditionality, and make the case for a discursive psychological approach, which we illustrate with a brief empirical example. We suggest that critical discursive social psychology is particularly well placed to examine how psychological assumptions are built into both policy and lay discourse, and how these can legitimate interventions designed to work on the conduct of the unemployed, such as therapeutic and behaviour change initiatives. Finally, we argue that psychology is faced with a choice: while there are opportunities for the discipline to contribute to the design and implementation of such initiatives, to do so requires accepting the basic values of the underpinning neoliberal agenda. Instead, it is vital to place these assumptions under the critical microscope and explore how they work to obscure structural disadvantage.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial & Personality Psychology Compass
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 9 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

social psychology
citizenship
welfare
critical psychology
basic income
value
rights and responsibilities
standard of living
welfare state
psychology
governance
democracy
citizen
discourse

Keywords

  • discursive psychology
  • citizenship
  • Neoliberalism
  • social citizenship
  • welfare

Cite this

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title = "Social citizenship and social psychology",
abstract = "This paper outlines the concept of social citizenship, which was first theorised in the late 1940s alongside the creation of the UK welfare state, and concerns citizens’ rights to a basic income and standard of living. It suggests that social citizenship – particularly welfare provision – is a useful and important topic for social psychological research, albeit one that has been largely overlooked. We provide an overview of key developments in social citizenship, and consider the impact of 30-plus years of neoliberal governance in Western democracies, which has resulted in ongoing changes to how welfare rights and responsibilities are configured, such as policies that make social citizenship rights contingent on conduct. We outline social scientific work that examines these shifting ideas of citizenship, personhood, welfare and conditionality, and make the case for a discursive psychological approach, which we illustrate with a brief empirical example. We suggest that critical discursive social psychology is particularly well placed to examine how psychological assumptions are built into both policy and lay discourse, and how these can legitimate interventions designed to work on the conduct of the unemployed, such as therapeutic and behaviour change initiatives. Finally, we argue that psychology is faced with a choice: while there are opportunities for the discipline to contribute to the design and implementation of such initiatives, to do so requires accepting the basic values of the underpinning neoliberal agenda. Instead, it is vital to place these assumptions under the critical microscope and explore how they work to obscure structural disadvantage.",
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Social citizenship and social psychology. / Anderson, Emma; Gibson, Stephen.

In: Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 09.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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