BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oestrogens can interact directly with membrane receptors and channels and can activate vascular BKCa channels. We hypothesised that novel oestrogen derivatives could relax smooth muscle by an extracllular effect on the α and β1 subunits of the BKCa channel, rather than at an intracellular site. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We studied the effects of novel oestrogens on the tension of pre-contracted isolated rat aortic rings, and on the electrophysiological properties of HEK 293 cells expressing the hSloα or hSloα+β1 subunits. Two of the derivatives incorporated a quaternary ammonium side-chain making them membrane impermeable. KEY RESULTS: Oestrone, oestrone oxime and Quat DME-oestradiol relaxed pre-contracted rat aorta, but only Quat DME-oestradiol induced relaxation was iberiotoxin-sensitive. However, only potassium currents recorded in HEK 293 cells over-expressing both hSloα and hSloβ1 were activated by oestrone, oestrone oxime and Quat DME-oestradiol. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The novel oestrogens were able to relax smooth muscle, but through different mechanisms. In particular, oestrone oxime required the presence of the endothelium to exert much of its effect, whilst Quat DME-oestradiol depended both on nitric oxide and BKCa channel activation. The activation of BKCa currents in HEK 293 cells expressing hSloα+β1 by Quat DME-oestradiol is consistent with an extracellular binding site between the two subunits. The binding site resides between the extracellular N terminal of the α subunit and the extracellular loop between TM1 and 2 of the β1 subunit. Membrane- impermeant Quat DME-oestradiol, lacks an exchangeable hydrogen on the A ring obviating antioxidant activity.
Bibliographical note© 2013 Wiley-Blackwell
- Ca++-activated K+ channel
- β1 subunit