The effect of acute pretreatment with a single dose of simvastatin (1 mg/kg, i.v.; 30 min before ischemia) on renal dysfunction caused by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the rat was investigated. I/R injury was induced by clamping both renal vascular pedicles for 45 min, followed by 4 h of reperfusion with saline (2 ml/kg per hour). Simvastatin significantly improved both parameters of glomerular and tubular dysfunction (e.g., creatinine levels and fractional excretion of Na+, respectively) and especially improved the histological score, compared to control I/R-injured rats treated with saline or 10% DMSO only.
Nesic, Z., Todorovic, Z., Stojanovic, R., Basta-Jovanovic, G., Radojevic-Skodric, S., Velickovic, R., Chatterjee, P. K., Thiemermann, C., & Prostran, M. (2006). Single-dose intravenous simvastatin treatment attenuates renal injury in an experimental model of ischemia-reperfusion in the rat. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, 102(4), 413-417. https://doi.org/10.1024/jphs.SCE06002X