Shear strength of ice-filled rock joints

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceeding with ISSN or ISBNConference contribution with ISSN or ISBNpeer-review


Ice-filled rock joints are a common feature of high mountain permafrost areas. Warming of these joints in rock can lead to instabilities and rockfall events. In the following study, a series of direct shear tests was performed with artificial samples simulating ice-filled rock joints. The direct shear tests were carried out in two testing modes: constant strain and constant stress. In constant stress tests, the ice-filled joints show a parabolic relationship between normal stress and shear stress unlike the linear relationship usually found in mineral filled rock joints (Barton 1974). Constant stress tests were also conducted in which the samples were allowed to warm up until failure occurred while a constant normal stress and a constant shear test were applied. Different failure modes could be identified, either driven by breaking the connection of ice and concrete or ductile deformation of the ice or a combination of both.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th international conference on permafrost
Place of PublicationAlaska
PublisherInstitute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780980017922
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008
EventProceedings of the 9th international conference on permafrost - Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, 29 June - 3 July, 2008
Duration: 1 Jan 2008 → …


ConferenceProceedings of the 9th international conference on permafrost
Period1/01/08 → …

Bibliographical note

© 2008 Institute of Northern Engineering, University of Alaska, Fairbanks


  • direct shear
  • ice strength
  • rock joints
  • shear strength


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